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In the year 1874, 500 children became a prey to this scourge. Vaccination is not properly attended to, and it seems that there is a lack of sufficient vaccine matter. A medical practitioner, who receives out of the meat tax a salary of £100 per annum, attends the sick and dispenses medicine to the poor twice a week. Owing to the want of proper supervision the medical duties are badly performed. Mr. Yuiy states that during the week when it was his turn to visit the poor on behalf of the new charitable society, only one out of eighteen patients had received medical advice. The supervision of sanitary matters (as is recommended by Mr. Yuly and by those correspondents, whose statements were received through the medium of Mr. L. A. Cohen) should be undertaken by the new Meshibat Nephesh Hebra, a society of young men, who are represented as being actuated by a spirit of true benevolence.
Not more than 200 of all the inhabitants earn a moderately comfortable living, yet only 500 are on the poor list as recipients of regular allowances.
The reports received leave it questionable whether hitherto the heads of the congregation have acted in unison, and whether the appalling state of things in the Mellahs may not be attributable to this want of agreement.
Abstract from Dr. Olive's Medical Report on the Sanitary State of the Jewish Quarters in Mogador.
The Jews of Mogador, in addition to being subject to the ordinary endemic complaints, are in frequent instances attacked by scrofula in all its forms, by diseases of the eyelashes, inflammation of the glands, the throat and the scalp, by white swellings and bone diseases. These maladies are especially dangerous to children below the tenth year. As principal preventive means Dr. Olive recommends that the atmosphere in the domiciles and the streets of the Jews be improved, that dampness and overcrowding of the dwellings be obviated, and, chief of all, that personal cleanliness be enforced.
The Jews in the Mellah are pent up in comfortless lodgings, in which fresh air, instead of being freely admitted, is studiously excluded. Within a space of 30 cubic metres of air, and where ventilation is difficult, 10 persons may be found huddled together, who cook, eat and sleep in the same apartment.
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