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that name, for a reproachful word as " kufree," (heretic), was sure to follow.
As regards Mr. Lowy's subsequent query about the tying of a golden bead, or " munny," with black glass beads around the bride's neck during marriage, we have to state that it is merely a sign that the bride is a married woman, and when she is stripped of it she is considered a widow, but no ceremony is performed over it at the time of the tying or the breaking of it. This custom has no doubt crept into our marriage ceremony, owing to our ancestors having to sojourn in the centre of
Paganism,
Poona, 27 th February, 1876.
(Signed) Haeem Samuel.
APPENDIX E.
EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER RECEIVED FROM ONE OF THE CORRESPONDENTS IN ADEN.
llf/i Sivan, 5635—14th June, 1875.
"... You complain that you received no intelligence from us in respect to the subjects on which Mr. Alfred Falk desired that we should address you. The facts, however, are as follows. We were requested by that gentleman to convey to the Rabbins of Sanaa the papers which were entrusted to us for that purpose. We complied with that request and waited for an answer from the Rabbins of Sanaa, so that we might send simultaneously all communications we had to make. This week the letters from Sanaa came to hand, and we forward them to you by this mail.
" We took note of the papers, in which you inquired whether we have any prospect of establishing a school for boys and girls, and whether the members of our community would support an educational institution in which religious instruction should be combined with secular subjects.
" We have to point out, that the Jewish boys of this town receive instruction in the Torah, but not in the writing of the square characters ; at least not more than 5 per cent, learn to write in that character. The majority, on completing a course of the Torah, and without learning anything else, leave school, and follow menial occupations.
" The greater number of our people work as day-labourers.
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