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reorganisation of the TALMUD ToRAH SCHOOL.—This school should be reorganised in such a manner as to enable it to be amalgamated later with the school. This is a reform the carrying out of which is entirely in the hands of the Board of the Mcihazike Aniyyim.
Girls' Schools.—After the Boys' school, or even before it, the want of girls' schools is much felt in Smyrna. Whoever wishes to have his daughter instructed is obliged to send her either to the Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul or to the Protestant Sisters. The formation of a girls' school is, moreover, much wished for by many Jewish families in the town and the Society Mahazike Aniyyim would probably contribute.
Industrial Schools. —• The schools for boys are not sufficient. A properly organised industrial school, where from 100 to 150 pupils could be taught trades, is much wanted. The best of these would undoubtedly be agriculture, but the inveterate prejudices which exist against it in the East render this at present impracticable. To establish in Smyrna an industrial school the first expenses would alone be heavy ; the cost of keeping it up would not amount to much.
Industrial School for G-irls.—The girls also require an industrial school. If the women of Smyrna do nothing, or next to nothing, it is because they are incapable of performing any kind of work ; even such as is peculiarly adapted to their sex, such as that of sempstress, milliner, &c. Moreover, a girls' school, properly organised and superintended by an intelligent governess, would readily supply the want.
Boarding Schools.—But all these schools, whether for secular teaching, or for industrial pursuits, would be productive of but small results unless boarding establishments were formed where children could be taught to forget the bad habits which they have contracted, and to imbibe those primary principles of education by which alone their regeneration can be effected.
Suppression of the Ghetto.—Although there is not at Smyrna a ghetto properly so called, and the Jew can live wherever he lists—some inhabit the European, Greek, and Armenian quarters—the Jewish population of Smyrna have a tendency to congregate in the part of the town where are the synagogues, the school, and the rabbins. Now it is difficult to conceive the misery which prevails in the Jewish quarter. The houses are crowded one into the other, and are deprived alike of air and sun ; very often one room, only lighted by the door,
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