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nassim, who have to regulate the monetary concerns of the community.
Finances.—The receipts are about 200,000 francs per annum. They are derived; from the taxes levied on meat, wine, cheese, grain, &c.; also from contributions proportioned to the annual income of each individual, and, finally, from the entrance fees paid on admission into the nine synagogues and the fifteen Medrasliim, &o.
Under the head of expenses are the costs of keeping up the synagogues and the hospital, the salaries of the rabbins, and of the employes' subscriptions to benevolent societies, &c.
Relations with otheb Communities.—The relations in which the Israelites stand towards the rest of the population is, on the whole, tolerably good. There is scarcely a Catholic Greek, or even Armenian merchant who has not a Jew in his service. The reason of this is, that the Israelites are very quick in business, and faithful to their masters. Having regard to the qualities with which they are gifted, it is difficult to understand how it is they do not reach the top of the commercial ladder ; at any rate, the position which the Jewish community holds in public opinion ought to be better than it is, and the chief cause of the decline in this respect which is to be noticed during the last few years is to be attributed to the disunion of the Jews among themselves, and their own indifference.
Having thus given a sketch of the condition of the Jewish population in Smyrna, and stated the attempts which have been made to improve it, there remains to be pointed out the means to be employed for that object.
Enlakgement oe the School.—In the first place, the school must be enlarged so as to be capable of admitting 100 children instead of 50. This would necessitate a large increase in the. expenditure; first, for the purchase of books and materials; and, secondly, for the dress of the children, who cannot be received in rags. Now this is what the local Committee cannot do with its present resources, especially as it has not even 100 paying pupils. The Society Mahazike Aniyyim, which makes a grant to the school of 2,000 francs per annum, could not give more, as the Talmud Torah costs so much. It is, moreover, necessary to husband the resources of this Society, with the view of ultimately founding an Industrial School. The Society Malbish Aroumim has already clothed 50 children, and can scarcely do more. The only other source available private charity, but this cannot be relied on.
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