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To His Serene Highness, The Prince Milan of Servia.
Highness,—
On the occasion of your stay in Vienna you granted to a deputation of the Committee of our Alliance Israelite the honour of a private audience, and deigned to listen to our supplication on behalf of our Servian co-religionists. Your Highness was also graciously pleased to accord us permission to present to you on your return to. Belgrad a memorandum stating in distinct terms the nature of our humble petition relating to the state-—alike abnormal and repugnant to the usages of European civilisation— to which our Servian co-religionists are subjected by reason of decrees passed by the Government of Kara-Georg, which are not only illegal, but contrary to the express provisions of the 27 th paragraph of the ukase proclaimed by your great and immortal ancestor, Prince Milosch, the founder of your dynasty. Permit us to remind your Highness that these unjust and detestable ordinances which abolish that perfect civil equality among the Servian subjects, without distinction of birth or creed, which was proclaimed by the fundamental law of the first Prince of the House of Obrenovitz, emanated from the enemies of your house and in a large measure contributed to the disfavour with which civilised Europe regarded Servia under the rule of the Kara-Georg. When, too, Prince Milosch was recalled in 1859 by the vote of the nation his first step was to issue a special decree repealing these ordinances, which prohibited the Servian Jews from settling, or from carrying on any trade or business in the interior of the country, and he proclaimed once more the grand and salutary principle of the perfect equality of the Servians irrespective of religion or nationality.
In 1861, when Prince Michael succeeded his father, the influence of the merchants procured the passing by the Skuptschina of a law directly contravening the fundamental principle of the ukase, and by virtue of which the Servian Jews are subjected to an exceptional legislation, opposed alike to all principles of justice and to the rights and customs of civilised nations, and which stands in sad contrast with the laws of the Sublime Porte, which accord and secure to the Christians and Jews as to the Mussulmans the full enjoyment of all civil and political rights.
It is true that this iniquitous law of 1861 permits the Servian Jews established in the interior of the country by virtue of the law of the 26th February, 1859, to remain ; but it prohibits them from changing their domicile, from trading
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