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46
NINETEENTH ANNUAL REPORT.
rageous rule is that Jewish children are practically excluded from education ; this is a most serious matter, and all the more so when we remember that Baron de Hirsch has failed in establishing the schools which he intended to support out of his princely income. In addition we know that the Jews are confined to certain parts of the country. In England, France, and G-ermany, we can live where our vocations require and our fancies dictate ; but a Jew in Russia may be required suddenly to leave a city where he has resided for years, and increase the existing misery by joining one of the many poor populations in crowded districts elsewhere. From Russia I pass to Roumania ; and I shall be followed by Dr. (raster, who can speak with personal knowledge on the condition of things in that country. I may, however say that the hopes which were cherished for a better state of things following the accession to power of two Liberal Roumanian statesmen have not been justified. There are daily done things in Roumania which call for deep regret. Last year there was reason to hope that Jews would be allowed to pursue their industries in the country without interference ; but that hope has been disappointed. The High Court has at last pronounced that every Jew is an alien. Formerly it was said that that was not the case, but M. Fior has obtained a decree in the highest Court which declares all Jews to be aliens, and so this state of things exists, a man born in Roumania, whose father and grandfather were also born in Roumania, is still not a Roumanian subject but an alien ; but the extraordinary thing is that though a foreigner he is not allowed to leave the country without a passport which he cannot get. What can be more ludicrous, that a man born in the country is not a native in order to prevent him from following his trade, and then to refuse to allow him to leave a country to which he is said not to boJong ? This shows how grievously the law presses on our brethren in Roumania, and I cannot but think that the pressure of public opinion and the example of the Shah, of Persia may have some beneficent influence upon the authorities in Roumania. (Hear, hear). With regard to Palestine, it is not necessary for me to discuss the condition of the Jews there during the past few years ; and I pass on to Morocco. Now Morocco is a semi-barbarous, I should not go too far if I were to say that it is a barbarous country, for we know that the Jews as well as the Christians labour under great disabilities of all kinds there, and are not regarded by the Mussulmans with that respect which is the first right of every human being. On more than one occasion we have had to interfere with reference to outrages ; and though there have been no serious attacks of late, the effects of close confinement to certain portions of towns, and utter inattention to elementary sanitary rules cause great debasement ; and I do not think that there is any prospect of immediate improvement. Still our agitation, seconded by the efforts of Sir William Kirby Green, has been productive of some beneficial results. (Cheers). Such then is a very short and inadequate sketch of affairs
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