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the Emperor, in which the Book, p. 159):—
" Our wish 'is that they (the Jews) obtain justice without " the intervention of the Powers, or of their Representatives, for " they are our subjects and our taxpayers (tributaries), possess-" ing, on these grounds, the same rights as Mussulmen, and all " ill-treatment of them being forbidden by our religion."
The President thereupon, in the name of all the Plenipotentiaries, expressed the lively satisfaction with which the Conference received these assurances {Blue Book, p. 160). It was not until a week after this solemn assurance had been received from the Emperor, viz., on the 3rd July, that the Convention was signed (Blue Book, p. 184).
It is true that the British Representative, Mr. Sackville West, expressed his opinion that the assurance given by the Emperor of Morocco might prove of little value unless followed by vigilance and energy on the part of the European Powers, for Mr. West, in his dispatch to Earl Granville, proceeds to say {Blue Book, p. 179):—" It will now be for the Representatives " of the European Powers of Tangiers, either collectively or " individually, to see that the promises of the Sultan are carried " out with respect to the Jewish population, and to take care " that proper measures are taken, in accordance with the Sul-" tan's letter, to protect them against persecution and outrage. " There are means certainly of evading the intention of the " terms of the Convention, but such a course is rendered diffi-" cult in the face of the solemn Act which has been concluded, " and a strict adherence to it on all sides may justly be anti-" cipated." We submit, therefore, that the Sultan's solemn promise, in 1880, cannot properly be considered as wholly unconnected with the Convention of that year. That this solemn promise has been flagrantly violated, there cannot be any manner of doubt. Persecution and outrage continue as rife as ever. The disabilities and degrading customs to which the Jews of Morocco are still subject, and which are described in our former letter to your Lordship, are precisely the same as " the disabilities and degrading customs" referred to in Earl Granville's dispatch to Sir J. 1). Hay, of 23rd July, 1880 {Blue Book, p. 185). Of this unjust and oppressive treatment of the Morocco Jews, the Representatives of Her Majesty's Government have written in terms of severe animadversion.
On the 2nd February, 1880, Sir J. Drummond Hay wrote to your Lordship {Blue Book, p. 59):—" His Majesty (the Sultan) " should be made to understand in firm, but precise, language " that the combined Powers of the world will no longer
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