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hitherto the darkness and squalor of ignorance. Where individual efforts have been made by the members of this Branch to gain an accession of members, the inane plea has been offered that local charities demand our first recognition, but then charity wisely dispensed has no limit in its bestowal, and it matters not whether help is required for our brother of Melbourne or of Morocco; though, perhaps, while in the latter instance the recipient is subject to the barbarities of an ignorant Government, the former is raised from his sorrows under the benign influences of a free and enlightened country. Our appeal is for funds to educate the oppressed, and place in their hands the only weapon which will annihilate the persecutor, the weapon of true enlightenment, and the gift of those resources which act as a foil to the false accusations of the calumniator. Already schools have been established, and others subsidised, in the principal towns in Asiatic Turkey, in Palestine, in the dark corners of Europe and Northern Africa, and wherever the light of civilisation is needed. In these schools Arabic, the language of commerce in the East, is specially taught, and, in addition to this, Hebrew, English, French and Spanish. The youth, after going through a curriculum of study, can enter schools of agriculture, or shops where apprentices are taught varied means of livelihood, so that they may become thoroughly independent and self-reliant.
This, and much more, does the Association perform, and the appeal which we make on its behalf should reach the hearts of every true believer in Israel's progress. The learned and honoured Secretary of the parent Institution thus writes:—
Our forces are used solely and exclusively for philanthropic purposes, and for the peaceful ends of unoffending progress. We, therefore, have a claim to the attachment and the co-operation of everyone who is not yet a member of the great Jewish Society. Every accession of a member becomes a promise that the noble task we have undertaken will survive, and will be carried on by our successors, when we ourselves shall have left the busy scene of our labours. Therefore, we strive and try to gain as many members as there are Jewish households. It is not the vastness of sums that are subscribed, but it is the constancy and the cordiality of the sympathy upon which we must reckon in all our exertions.
If you wish to show, 011 the one hand, what has been done, and, on the other hand, what is to bo done, you must refer to the reports published by the Council of this Association. The path before us may be arduous, and it may severely test our faculties, but still it remains a delightful path. It leads to the unfolding of the brightest and noblest aims of Judaism, for it conducts the followers of our religion to freedom, to knowledge, and to that exercise of bene-
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