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ears, and found nearly twice the number of grains in our own, and these grains were much bigger. This seems of importance as shewing the capabilities of the soil ; but for the present, this evident superiority of our produce does hardly compensate the expense of our cultivation and the absence of a professional and experienced agriculturist. (Mr. Neber, a German peasant, who ploughed and sowed this year's crop, has died since.) We do not possess as yet the staff necessary for the cultivation of 240 hectares (600 acres) of land. Even in England a farm of 600 acres is considered a large one, and requires considerable capital and skilful management. Mr. Netter's somewhat dearly-bought experience has convinced him, that for the present we had better give up cultivating the greater part of the land, and let it to the Arabs. V* e shall thus have a small but sure income, until the time when the greater number of our boys shall have attained a riper age, and with an experienced agriculturist at their head, may enable us to take the land again into our own hands.
On the land between the buildings and the high road, a considerable extent of ground is being cultivated as a kitchen garden, and a nursery of fruit trees. To this part of the estate our care ought exclusively to be given for the present. Corn-growing cannot give as good a result in Palestine as gardening and the_rearing of fruit-trees. Oranges, bananas, and such fruit, form the principal produce in the neighbourhood of Jaffa, and are exported in vast numbers. At Constantinople, nearly all the oranges consumed there, and even a part of those at Cairo and Alexandria, come from Jaffa.
An educated gardener can easily turn to the grosser cultivations ; but it is not very likely our boys will be tempted to do this. I don't think they can compete with the Arab peasant, who lives upon the poorest diet in a mud-hut fashioned by his own hands, and wears for all raiment a cotton shirt. The land is possessed by the village in common, and parcelled out to those who have one or more ploughs.
It is evident that under such circumstances, gardening and the cultivation of market crops, such as cotton and the like, requiring
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