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even as it would be in the interest of Austria to exert her powerful influence to avert the calamity, the means for accomplishing this object are not beyond her reach.
ist. The measure in question is directly contrary to the 46th Article of the Convention of 19th August 1858, to which Roumania owes her present political existence. That Article declares that all Moldavians and Wallachians shall be equal before the law, and the only exception it makes is, that it confines for the time political rights to Christians. Now as liberty to trade is a civil and not a political right, Austria as well as the other powers who signed the Convention, has full right to complain of the late enactment as an infraction of treaty.
2nd. If the undersigned are not mistaken, there exists a treaty partaking of an international character between Austria and Turkey, which ensures to Austrians in the dominions of the Porte the exercise of all rights enjoyed by the natives, even as vice versa, Turkish subjects living in the Austrian Empire enjoy the rights of Austrians. It is a fact that at a time when Austrian Jews were only tolerated in Vienna, Jews, subjects of the Porte, locally known by the name of " Franks," were in virtue of this treaty, free from all restrictions which then weighed upon native Jews. Now as the law on spirituous liquors referred to, does not expressly exclude Roumanian Jews from the right of trading in them, but only incidentally, inasmuch as they do not possess the franchise, all aliens whether Jews or Christians are excluded in like manner. Austrian subjects of the Christian or Jewish religion, therefore, must be affected by this law equally with native Jews. It has therefore occurred to the undersigned that in virtue of this treaty, the Austro-Hungarian Government would have a right to protest against this law, and the Porte to declare it null and void as being ultra vires.
3rd. Even if the Convention of August 1858, and the Treaty with Turkey just referred to did not exist, the undersigned would still implore the Austro-Hungarian Government in the sacred name of humanity and justice to interpose in behalf of thousands of innocent families ruthlessly doomed to ruin, and the miseries—its necessary consequences. The undersigned venture to submit that the case in question would justify the use of measures much more energetic than were resorted to, to bring about the settlement of the Strausberg affair. The latter was simply a pecuniary question. But the former is one of barbarism versus civilization, of life and death to those directly concerned, and of heavy burdens and responsibilities to the countries bordering upon Roumania. Surely when a thoughtless person is setting his house on fire, a neighbour has a right to interfere, and the duty is imposed upon him to stop the conflagration which might involve his own property.
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