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Having thus briefly reviewed the general position and prospects of the Institution, it remains to detail the special works upon which it has been engaged during the past year; and these may for convenience be classified as follows :
I. The Jews of Servia.
II. Education in the East.
III. The Agricultural School at Jaffa.
IV. The Jews of Persia.
V. The Persecution of the Jews of Roumania.
VI. The Outrages in Morocco.
VII. The Jews of Damascus.
Of these in their_order.
I. The Jews of Servia.
It may probably be remembered, that early in the present session, the young Prince of Servia, Milan Obrenowicz, commonly known as Milan IV., attained his majority, and the occasion was thought to be a fitting opportunity for calling his attention to the state of his Jewish subjects.
For many years the condition of the Jews of Servia had been very sad, in consequence of the rights and the protection enjoyed by them in the reign of Milosch Obrenowicz, the present Prince's ancestor, having been taken away from them during the rule of KaraGeorg, which had succeeded that of Milosch. Prince Milosch Obrenowicz had declared that all the inhabitants of Servia, without distinction of nationality or creed, were entitled to enjoy equal freedom, that none should be prevented from engaging in any trade or business whatsoever, and that all former laws incompatible with this declaration should be considered as abrogated. In the year 1861, on the death of Prince Milosch, the Jews were deprived by a decree of the Skuptschtina of all the rights which had been accorded to them. The liberty to engage in trades was denied them or considerably curtailed, they were excluded from the provincial towns, and in addition were subjected to various harsh and stringent laws, which it is not necessary here to enumerate. The
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