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SOUTHAMPTON :
firmed as the port for landing; and embarking the mails carried by the Peninsular and Oriental and West India Companies respectively. Around the connexion thus formed and established other companies grew up ; and no doubt it is to a combination of all these natural and commercial advantages that the tonnage of shipping into the port increased from 185,412 in 1840, to more than 800,000 tons within the past few years. The figures are appended, and show the share borne by the docks in this rapid development:—
Year. Coasting. Foreign. Total. In Docks.
1845 ... 179,898 132,016 320.914 158,680
1850 ... 178,549 152,117 330j666 234,247
1855 ... 172,951 218,948 391,899 414,567
1860 ... 275,703 326,735 602,438 454,803
1865 ... 238,640 412,329 650,969 571,623
1866 ... 227,872 473,867 701,739 630,183
1867 ... 244,621 507,377 751,998 722,084
1868 ... 232,317 570,634 802,951 666.701
1869 ... 242,432 574,151 816,583 746^821
1870 ... 234,371 605,884 800,255 734,855
1871 ... 230,480 722,062 952,542 "917,315
1872 ... 222,258 744,414 966,672 937,326
1873 ... 221,136 854,135 1,075,271 1,204,986
Gross 1,869,135
Let us give some details with respect to the undertakings which have been the principal agents in this large increase and gratifying prosperity.
THE DOCKS,
eighty miles in distance and two hours in time from London, conveniently adjoining the station of the London and South-Western Railway, whose metropolitan terminus, it will be remembered, is on the banks of the Thames, were specially planned, and are now conducted with every possible regard to the quick despatch of mails, merchandize, and specie, and to the repair of ships of the largest class. The outer tidal dock, which it will be noticed is open to the river Itclien, is 1C acres in extent, has an entrance 150 feet in width, and an average depth of water of 31 feet at high water springs, 27 feet at high water neaps, and 18 feet at low witter spring tides. Adjoining this tidal basin is a close dock 10 acres in extent, with an rfVerage depth at all times of the tide of 25 feet; and this can be entered by ships three or four hours'every tide. Loth docks are surrounded with quays and capacious warehouses, and railway lines, hi direct communication with the South-Western system, run close to the wharves throughout the whole line of dock walls, no less than seven miles of rails, on which three locomotives are constantly at work, day and night, traversing the dock property. On the south side of the tidal basin are three dry
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