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ITS HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES.
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price; and we may judge of the importance of this trade from the fact that in the time of Henry VI. no less stately a personage than Sir Thomas Coke, the mayor of London, was the collector of customs. Stannaries were also established in the borough for the regulation of disputes in the tin trade, of which traces remain in the alternative name of the Western Shore—Tin Shore; and as textile manufactures were then better known in the south than now, woollen and linen halls, with a port weigh house, were likewise established.
John's successor, Henry III. (1316-72), kept palace here; Edward I. (1272-1307) selected it as one of the seven towns in Hampshire which sent burgesses to Parliament, where the town was accordingly represented in 1297 ; in the reign of Edward III. (1327-77)'it was decided that the port extended from Hurst, opposite the Needles, Isle of Wight, to Langston, off Chichester; Henry IV. (1399-1413) granted the town the goods of fugitives and felons; Henry V. (1413-22) confirmed its charters and privileges and gave it the right of holding a court leet (exercised to this day); Henry AH. after granting, in 1445, a perpetual incorporation, "with a mayor, two bailiffs, and the burgesses, three years later made the town and precincts a distinct county, with the power to elect annually, a sheriff who should hold a monthly court. In Madox's Formulare Anglicanum mention is made of a mayor and bailiffs as early as 1324 ; and a manuscript history by Speed, written about the middle of the last century, gives a list of the Mayors and of one bailiff from 15, Richard III. (1392) till 1400 (temp. Henry IV.), when two bailiffs begin to be mentioned. This charter of Henry VI. (1445) recites the immemorial existence of a mayor, bailiff, and burgesses, and there is ground for believing that his Worship not unfrequently served the" town in Parliament. The earliest register of the Corporation extant, 1432, in reference to this subject shows by the following entry that the payment of members of Parliament is by no means so modern a notion as some imagine:—
" Item, payd the iii day of Aprill to my master, the Meyre, in party of payment of hys parlement wages, xls."
Formerly the mayoress exercised the " dignity" of going to church and elsewhere in solemn procession, wearing a scarlet robe of State, the small silver mace belonging to the Corporation being-carried before her—a "privilege" which, like that of wearing scarlet gowns, conferred on the alderman's " wyffes " and, indeed, enforced under penalty in the time of Philip and Mary, is no longer exercised.
In the disputes with France in the 14th century, through a /•
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