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mate's handbook to southamtton.
London and South-Western, system; but the amount of coaling to be done in the port has grown to such an extent that the Company has purchased land on the opposite bank of the Itchen, and provided accommodation for the storage of laden and empty coal barges.
It is needless to say that the electric lighting of the Docks is thoroughly efficient.
Southampton has been since 1894 the head-quarters of the Indian troop service transports, and the authorities of the Admiralty are much pleased with the accommodation made for the service at the berths on the easterly side of the Empress Dock.
The ships regularly engaged in the movement of troops are the " Dilwara," " Dunera," "Nubia," and "Simla," and as a rule they carry from 1,200 to 1,400 officers and men out and home. During the campaign in the Soudan, five ships, which, placed end to end, would have extended over a third of a mile, were despatched with men, horses, and stores from the Docks in one day, and the prompt despatch of many thousands of men and horses to South Africa is fresh in the recollection of all. The double-storied sheds on the Prince of Wales Quay, which have been recently erected, must not be passed over without notice.
Southampton is within 129 miles of the Welsh coal fields by direct railway communication. This is no light consideration, for the huge American liners burn some 300 tons of coal per diem apiece. By arrangement with the Midland Company the port is placed in direct communication with the whole of the manufacturing, coal, and iron districts. There are in the various docks spacious transit sheds for the reception of import and export cargoes, and bonded and free warehouses for the storage of every description of merchandise, also commodious vaults and stores for the housing of wines and spirits, tobacco, cigars, etc., under bond. There are upwards of 150,000 square feet of specially constructed shedding for the storage of wood goods, but under the pressure of war and the wants created thereby, all these sheds and stores could, if required, be converted into food depots. For general grain trade and storage thereof several large warehouses have been built, fitted with the most modern machinery, capable of dealing with 200 tons of grain per hour, either from ship, lighter, or railway truck. There are many modern facilities to be found in these extensive warehouses which are rarely met with. Upon the Test Quay, at a cost of £100,000, warehouses have been erected for the Southampton Cold Storage and Lairage
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