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´╗┐MATE'S HANDBOOK TO SOUTHAMPTON.
Church the Red King, slain in the New Forest, was brought for burial. The city was almost burnt down in the wars between Stephen and the Empress Maud. Richard the Lion Heart was re-crowned at Winchester, after his return from Palestine. Henry III. was born here, and was styled Henry of Winchester. The third Edward made the illustrious William of Wykeham Bishop of the See. Prince Arthur, son of Henry VII., was born in the Castle. Henry VIII. right royally entertained the Emperor Charles V. in the Castle Hall, but destroyed the City Monasteries a few years later. In 1554, Winchester was the scene of the wedding of Philip of Spain and Queen Mary. Sir Walter Raleigh was tried for his life in the Castle, and narrowly escaped execution on slender grounds. The Castle was taken and re-taken during the Civil War, but was finally surrendered to Oliver Cromwell in October, 1645, and soon afterwards rendered defenceless. Charles II. commenced a noble palace upon the site, which was never completed, albeit Sir Christopher Wren was its architect. It was afterwards converted into barracks, which were burnt down a few years since, but which are now in course of re-erection to the great contentment of all Winton-ians. Alice Lisle was beheaded in the market-place, by order of the brutal Judge Jeffreys. But hold, enough !
As we near Winchester by train we note the low central tower of the Cathedral. As we leave the station we pass the ancient obelisk which commemorates the ravages of the Great Plague in 1665. The West Gate, with its machicolations and portcullis groove, speaks of feudal days. It is now a City Museum. Admission is free, and a grand view over the city can be obtained from the roof.
Close by, is the ancient County Hall, where the first English Parliaments were held, in which hangs the traditional Round Table of King Arthur, where Rufus feasted, and Alice Lisle heard her sentence.
" Winchester High Street is the most picturesque that I know at home or abroad." Notice the Jewry, which tells of bygone intolerance, the " George Hotel," one of the oldest hostelries in England, which flourished under the Plantagenets, the ancient sanctuary of God Begot House, the statue of Queen Anne, and the ancient Guildhall. Nor must the graceful Butter Cross be unheeded, with its fine fifteenth century work. Quaintly picturesque is the Piazza, or " penthouse." Lower down is the new Guildhall, with its Museum filled with treasures of the past, and the site of St. Mary's Abbey, now a fair public garden.
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