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´╗┐mate's handbook to southampton.
where the wall turns eastward from the sea to join the Bar-gate. Level with the interior of the walls between the Arundel and Catch Cold Towers a large vault has deservedly been carefully preserved by the Corporation, and is well worth a visit.
The Castle seems to have been built by the Conqueror, if indeed it did not date from Saxon days. King Stephen strengthened it considerably, and we find mention of it in the fifteenth year of King John. It was entirely rebuilt in 1377, and the keep stood at the south-east corner, on a high artificial mound, which may perhaps have been of Saxon origin. It was a ruin since the beginning of the 17th century. It passed through various hands, and its site is now known as Lansdowne Hill, from the Marquis of Lansdowne, who shaped it into a mansion. The next owner sold the property in building lots, and the Castle ceased to exist. The mound on which the keep stood was then levelled, but the outline of the keep and portions of its walls may still be traced.
In and About Southampton.
Let us ramble through the town and note some of its many points of interest. Starting from the Royal Victoria Pier, we see at the corner of Bugle Street an ancient store house with cylindrical buttresses of thirteenth century date, and evidently one of the ancient mediaeval warehouses. This is known as the " Spanish Prison," from the fact that during the wars of Marlborough a large number of Spaniards were confined here. Fever carried off two hundred of the captives, who were promptly interred near by. The beach opposite this building was formerly known as " the gravel."
Bugle Street and Bugle Town derive their name from an old French word bugle, a bull. At the corner of Westgate and Bugle Streets, formerly stood Bugle Hall, a quadrangular mansion with a central court, the residence of the Earls of Southampton, which was destroyed by fire towards the end of the last century.
Shakespeare, in all probability, had a personal acquaintance with Southampton. Some of his poems are dedicated to Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, who lived in a magnificent mansion on the site of Bugle Hall. The friendly
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