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Scrope of Masham, and Sir Thomas Grey of Heton. They were found guilty and executed, the scene of their trial being according to tradition, the present Red Lion Inn in the High Street, a house which should be visited by all lovers "of antiquity. The Earl of Cambridge was buried in the chapel of God's House.
In the Fourteenth and two following centuries there was great trade between Southampton and Venice. A fleet known as the " Flanders galleys," taking sometimes at least three months for the voyage, annually anchored at Southampton. The flag galley and the commodore remained in the port until the other ships returned from Bruges and Antwerp. These Venetians, who did not always agree with the towsfolk, had a hospital at North Stoneham, and some of them are buried in the church. They brought wines and the products of the Levant, together with four bowstaves for every ton of Venetian merchandise. They also introduced " Malmsey " wine into England. Henry VIII. was royally entertained on board the Venetian flagship in 1518.
During the Wars of the Roses, the widow of " Kingmaker," Warwick, landed here on her way to take sanctuary at Beaulieu Abbey. Charles V. took ship here for Spain in 1522, and just 30 years later Edward VI. came here at the point of death. Philip II., of Spain, stole into Southampton on July 20th, 1554, on his way to marry Queen Mary at Winchester. " He was escourted by 140 ships. He snubbed the Mayor, went thrice to mass at Holy Rood Church, made himself the reverse of popular in the town, got acquainted with English beer, and drank too much of it. Mounted on a grey gelding, in a violent storm of wind and rain and wrapped in ^ a long scarlet cloak, he rode across the common to Winchester and the town saw him no more." Queen Elizabeth and the First James were both familiar with the port.
One of the most interesting reminiscences connected with Southampton is that in 1620 the " Mayflower " and "Speedwell " fitted out here to convey from our shores the Pilgrim Fathers, that devoted band who were destined to be witnesses for religious freedom in the New World, and the founders of that new empire beyond the seas, each and all of whose citizens we year by year grapple more and more firmly to our hearts with hooks of steel. A certain young cooper, John Alden, joined them at Southampton. Who knows not how " Priscilla, the Puritan maiden," said archly " Why don't you speak for yourself, John ? " It is an interesting, but as yet moot point, whether or not John Alden was a native of our town.
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