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said to hare visited the town with Anne Boleyn, and to have been lodged in the old mansion in St. Michael's square. He certainly appears to have known the place and even its inhabitants better than is generally supposed. It was from this port, too, that the Emperor Charles V. embarked after his visit to Henry's Court in 1522, being taken on board the fleet of the Earl of Surrey, Lord High Admiral, who had just made two successful attacks on the French coast.
Henry VIII. took considerable pains to improve the defences along the southern coast, and at Southampton in particular. He supplied the town with beautiful ordnance, one piece of which still stands on the Platform, j The South Castle, if not originally built, was entirely remodelled at this time, and other improvements were made in the walls and gates. The Port at Netley was formed just below the Abbey; and Calshot Castle was built on the shingle at the mouth of the estuary. The first of these, shortly after the Dissolution of Monasteries, was built solely, or in great part, from the materials of Netley Abbey, and it is probable that a portion was even applied to the construction of the latter fortalice. This act of converting the materials of the temple to the building of military structures is a severe commentary on that measure, which produced such great changes in the aspect of Christian society.
Sir Thomas "Wriofchesley, Henry's Chancellor and most intimate adviser, was made Earl of Southampton, and built a magnificent mansion, which was burnt down last century, on the site of Bugle Hall, Bugle Street. It was pulled down in 1852, and a block of small houses built in its place.
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