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Harbour beyond Portsmouth eastward, and to Hurst Castle beyond Lymington westward, and more than half-way across the Solent channel. Whether John, whilst here, abode in the Castle or in the Palaces adjoining the Arcade, is not distinctly known; probably both were required for himself and his retinue. Tradition connected his name with a small pool on the "Western Shore, near the entrance to the Railway Tunnel, but the site of this is now built on.
At the commencement of the reign of Henry III., Southampton, ne%t to London, imported more wine than any town in England. Por this trade numerous large cellars were constructed between God's House and the south-west angle of the Vails, at the lower part of the High-street, and other places, and some of them still exist. It is said to have had the privilege of being the only port where Canary wine might be landed, until the Corporation of London purchased the right of the corporation of Southampton. Stannaries were also established, being courts for the adjudications of disputes and questions arising in transactions of tin trade, which greatly flourished here, the chief points where it was carried on being at "West Quay and near the Castle. Textile manufactures, which in modern times have been almost. Withdrawn from the south, formed then the most prominent branch of industry, and throve in this district; whilst Southampton was besides the principal port and mart for Woollen and Linen goods. It had its Woollen Hall, its Linen Hall, and its Port Weigh House, all of good architecture, which, with its storehouses, where all built of stone, some having fine timber roofs; of those there is one example remaining.
The increase of the town without the walls was shown, even at this time, by the existence of Above Bar-street.
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