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JOHN ADAMS'S SOUTHAMPTON ALMANACK.
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SEPTEMBERS.—Partridge shooting begins; on or before this day the list of lodgers claiming to vote to be affixed to the church doors and remain till the 15th. 38.—Autumnal equinox occurs; day and night equal; the (full moon nearest the 28rd is the harvest moon ; autumn begins. 29.—Michaelmas Day; Par chial, union, and local accounts to be made up to end of week nearest this day.
OCTOBER.—<&c.,/or ZAa 289? q/ JOHN ADAMS'S
1.—Pheasant shooting begins.—Common lodging-houses to be whitewashed during the first week. 2.—Revision of the Burgess list some time between the 1st and 16th ; the revised list to be kept by the Town Clerk, and persons thereon entitled to vote according to the Act from November 1st. 10.—Various licenses expire. 16.—Fire insurances must be paid. 19.—Quarter Sessions begin.
NOVEMBER 1.—Salmon fishing with rod and line ends.—Borough Councillors to be elected.—Holiday at Bank Transfer Office and Stock Exchange. 9.—Lord Mayor's Day.—Mayors enter on duties. 11th.—Half-Quarter Day.—Scotch Quarter Day. 18.—Sheriffs for next year nominated. 15.—Solicitors' certificates expire, must be renewed before December 16th. 80.—Tweed rod-fishing closes.
DECEMBER 6.—St. Nicholas Day. 14.—Last day for renewing solicitors' certificates. 21.—Shortest day in the year.—St. Thomas's Day.—Michaelmas Law Sittings end.—Election of Common Councilmen in the City of London. 22.—Christmas Law Vacation commences. 26.—Christmas Day ; bills of exchange falling due must be provided for on the 24th. 26.—Boxing Day. 27.—Various licenses expire,
Southampton:
Its Sanitary Condition and Health Statistics.
The Town of Southampton, including Portswood, Shirley, Freemantle, portion of Millbrook, and Bitterne Park Estate, extends over an area of 4,417 acres (in eluding Mudlands, 6,295 acres), with a gentle undulating slope towards the rivers Itchen and Test.
SOIL.—The nature of the soil upon which buildings stand consists chiefly of gravel and light loam, clay existing towards the rivers,
SANITARY CONDITION.—The following details are important in judging the healthiness of a Town, viz.:—The zymotic death-rate—that is, the proportion of deaths which have occurred from infectious diseases; the amount of Typhoid Fever and Diphtheria usually prevalent; the system of drainage, water supply, and methods of removal of house refuse, and the arrangement of buildings. These points form an important criterion in regard to the healthiness of the district. The zymotic death-rate in Southampton, compared with other towns of equal size, is almost the lowest in England. Cases of Diphtheria and Typhoid Fever, which are often the evidence of bad drainage or bad water pupply, are rare.
DRAINAGE.—The physical characteristics of the land upon which Southampton stands, and its general slope towards the river, greatly facilitate efficacious drainage. Two systems are employed—the drainage of the main portion of the Town being received into large tanks at the waterside for precipitation process, the efRuent is discharged with very little delay into the river, while the solid materials are sent by pneumatic ejectors on to land and removed into the country as manure for fields.
WATER SUPPLY.—Southampton enjoys a constant supply of one of the purest waters to be found. It is obtained from the Chalk Downs at Otterbourne, by deep wells. The nature of its source precludes it absolutely from any risk of contamination. At its source it is somewhat hard, but before it enters the reservoirs it is submitted to a softening process, which renders it a most excellent and pure water.
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