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'true valour knows as ^elt, how to suffer as to act.'
was a flcrco smoker of toliacbo, but may bo resembled to a volcano burnt out, emitting only now and then a casual pn&"
14.—It was, and in fact In some places is now, the popular belief that the first unmarried person pf the other sek who is met on St. Valentine's Day on walking abroad Is a destined Wife or a destined husband. Thus Gay makes a rural damsel remark:—
Dost FdZgnMrna, Me day wXien Mrda q/M%d
TWr paramours udfA mtduaZ cMrp-
fmja/bid,
7 garfy row—of (Tie breat 0/ day, J3(|/bre (Aa aim Aad ckowd (Aa atara away/
A-^efd f tcant. amid (Aamorwiiw dew, mYZttime (/br ao aAoaZd aouaa-tcfuaa do).
TAaayiraf f apfed—and f&a jlra* aioain tee see,
7m ^?«a q/ybrhme, akaff our (rue Zora
The Oomnofesear, n series of essays, published in 17S4-6, contains tbe following remarks of a rather forward young lady of tbe time " Last Friday was Valentino's Day, and the night before I got five bay-leaves, and pinned four of them to tbe four corners of my pillow, and the fifth to the middle; and then, if I dreamt of my sweetheart, Betty said we should be married before the year was out. But to make it more sure I boiled an egg bard and took oun the yolk*and ailed it with salt, and when j went to bed, ate it, shell and all, without speaking or drinking aftor It. We also wrote our lovers' names npon bl ts of paper, and rolled them up in clay, and put them into water, and the first that rose up was to be our valentine."
25.—Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, was beheaded outside tbe chapel of the Tower of London, February 25th, 1800. This favourl te of Queen Elizabeth gave his royal mistress much anxiety; he even dared to attempt by seizing her person to dictate to her ihe dismissal of his rivals from her counsels. When his plans were discovered, he barricaded himself in Essex House, Strand, and refused to surrender. He was forced to succumb, however, and was taken to the Tower, and imprisoned in what was till then called Robert the Devil's Tower, but over since, Devcreux Tower.
It Is said chat the queen would have been glad to havo pardoned Essex, had he sought forgiveness, and that his death is attributable to his own obstinacy; on the other hand, there is a story of Ess 'X having entrusted a ring to Lady Nottingham, who promised to carry it to the queen with every expression of Essex's contrition. Lady Nottingham was Induced by an enemy to break her promise, and to say nothing to the queen ; Essex's execution consequently took place.
ALWAYS YOUNG, now ofd TMa afofamewf a ofiooya frua ; TAa yaura (hot womfiar uximam'a proirfA Stop aAor* of fioan*y-hoo.
The year 1622 was remarkable for one of the noblest acts which Christian charity ever prompted a human being to perform. Vindeht de Pan! hbd quitted his dnties in Paris ill ordeir to satisfy himself, with his own eyes, regarding the condition and mode of management of the convicts in the galleys at Marseilles. To prevent prepared exhibitions, he went without warning, and unknown.
In passing from rank to rank of the convicts, he came to one poor young man, who appeared far more desolate and despairing than the others. Vincent inquired into his case. He had been condemned to three years of the galleys for smuggling, and the cause of his deep sorrow was the miserable condition to which his wife and children must have been reduced by his absence.
Touched to the soul by the tears of the convict, Vincent took a resolution which few men would have taken. With consent of the superintendent the young man was fkeed, and Vincent took his place. For eight months he endured all the hardships of the galleys, working daily with a chain around his leg, which left a weakness never effaced during his life.
Nor was this done in ostentation. 80 different was the case, that, thongh the fbet was proved on his posthumous canonisation, the proof was rendered difficult by his never having been known to talk of it during his life, even to his most intimate Mends.
In 1628, Vincent de Paul established, at Magon, two Fellowships of Charity—one for men, and the other for women. The principle of these institutions was to give alms and relief daily to certain poor persons inscribed in the list after inquiry, to give lodgings to poor travelling persons for one night, and to send them on their way next morning with a small sum of money.
During the regency of Anne cf Austria, Vincent was named president of the Council of Conscience, and, in that position, brought his influence to bear on many new abuses. As one example, he procured the renewal of the ancient ordinances against duels; but the most fbmous of his actions was his permanently fixing the lot of foundlings in France.
These unfortunate victims of error and wretchedness, for whom Vincent de Paul had already done some good, having had provision made for many of them in various quarters, were about to be abandoned to their former misery for want of funds and sympathy. Vincent, who allowed no obstacles or toils to stop him In the canse of humanity, made exertions for the assembling of the women of Paris, of higher and lower rank, and, when they were met, addressed them in the most moving terms in behalf of the poor innocents, whom their unhappy or unnatural parents left to the mercy of chance and the pity of strangers.
His language so moved his auditory that an Instant subscription of 40,000 livres took place, and, ere long, an annual income of the same amount was insured for this benevolent end. The king granted a building for the reception of the foundlings, and their comfortable maintenance was placed beyond the efltcts of chance or change. In this instance, the effect of De Paul's efforts may be of a doubtful nature, but the excellence of hia motives cannot be disputed.
Besides all these acts of benevolence, Vincent de Paul obtained numerous benefactions for existing charities in France, and otherwise improved their condition. His ]*cr-sonal influence with courts and nobles became latterly very great; but his deeds of charity were effected chiefly by personal exertions, in which neither danger nor ridicule could make him pause.
Vincent de Paul died at Paris In September, 1060, at the age of eighty-live. He received the honours of canonisation, the highest of his Church, in 1787, from Pope Clement XI1.
The whole career of this estimable character affords a strong proof of what may be done by the indomitable will and untiring energies of one man.
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