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LOCAL TOKENS.
39
Miss E. Stevens.
191 " The Civil Wars of Southampton." A Book dealing with Local Conflicts, 1794.
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X.—Local Tokens.
Tokens of Hampshire and Southampton.
The issue of tokens to supplement the coinage of the realm had its rise in the 17th Century. There was then, owing to the want of small change, a large issue of traders' tokens throughout the country, but in the striking of a proper national coinage in copper in 1672 these halfpenny and farthing tokens were in 1672 suppressed by proclamation.
Towards the end of the lotli Century, owing to insufficient supply of copper corns, tokens were again issued by Corporations, Companies, and Private Traders. They were finally suppressed by Act of Parliament in 1817. Tokens of this century are more common than those of the 17th Century.
About 1811, owing to the great scarcity of silver coin, there was a considerable issue of silver tokens. In addition to county tokens special silver tokens were issued at Andover, Newport, Portsmouth, Romsey, etc.
Coins of the realm were minted at Southampton in Anglo-Saxon and Norman times and bear the names of the moneyer as—
" Leofsige mo Hampt Aethelnoth mo Ham Sepine on Hmtiii."
No coins were minted at Southampton after the reign of King Stephen. A Southampton penny of William the Conqueror is shewn bv Mr. John Russell on which the " on " can be seen.
Mr. W. Dale.
Silver Shilling token 1811. County of Hampshire.
Mr. B. T. Hewitt.
One Southampton Token.
Seven Hampshire Tokens.
Mr. John Russell.
Selection of Hampshire and Southampton Tokens and Medals in Silver and Copper Description given on card.
W. D.
XI.-—Memorials of Isaac Watts.
This pre-eminent Bard of the Sanctuary was born at Southampton, 17th July, 1674, in the house, 22 French Street. His grandfather was a commander in the British Navy, and his father kept a boarding school. The name of Watts is closely identified with the Above Bar Chapel, and young Isaac's is the first name on its baptismal register. The father was imprisoned in the old town gaol, under the
Act of Uniformity," and the wife, with baby Isaac, was frequently seen on its doorsteps. The boy gave early signs of genius, and won the prize offered by his mother to the children for the best couplet, which was—
" I write not for a farthing, but to try,
How I your farthing writers can outvie."
He was educated in the Grammar School of this town till 1690, and then transferred to an academy in London. His early hymns were coin-posed for use in the Above Bar Chapel, the first beginning " Behold the glories of the Lamb." He preached his first sermon at the age of 24 in London. From 1712, till his death, he resided with the family of Sir Thomas Abney, Lord Mayor of London. He ranked as a foremost preacher, and was not only a poet, but also a philosopher. He died 1748, and was at 74 years of age buried in Bunhill Fields. A tablet erected to his memory in Westminster Abbey.
The Watts Memorial Hall was built in his honour in 1875, and the statue in our parks in 1861 will always stand as a record to successive generations of the beauty of a useful life, sacredly devoted with untiring zeal, in proclaiming the inner spirit of Eternal Truth.
S. S.
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