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Southampton never ceased to cherish his passion for books, which was implanted in him from childhood, and brought him the personal intimacy of Shakespeare. A valuable collection of books and illustrated MSS. is still preserved, a gift to the library of his own College, St. John's, Cambridge. He also organised colonial enterprise, and the map of New England commemorates him as a colonial pioneer. In his honour were named "Southampton Hundred,'' " Hampton River," and " Hampton Roads " in Virginia, while Southampton Tribe " in Somer's Island, are also called after him. There are numerous portraits of the third Earl ; the one here shown in the Exhibition is from a picture belonging to Mr. G. B. Wingfield-Digby, exhibited at the National Portrait Collection in 1886.
He was born in 1607, and succeeded to the earldom at the age of seventeen, on the death of his father and elder brother, and inherited, besides large property in Hampshire, the Manor of Bloomsbury, Southampton House in Holborn, and Bugle Hall in the town of Southampton. In early days he resented Charles I.'s extravagant notions of sovereignty, but afterwards completely identified himself with the sovereign, and became one of his closest advisers and friends to the end of his life. It was to Place House, Titchfield, that King Charles betook himself on fleeing from Hampton Court. The Earl was away from home, and the King was received by the Dowager Countess and her little charge, Rachel, who became in after life famous as the devoted wife of Lord William Russell, executed by Charles II. It was in one of the rooms of Place House, Titchfield, the King was made prisoner, and was thence conveyed to Carisbrooke Castle. Southampton was present during the King's trial, and visited him after his condemnation. It is said that on the night following Charles's execution he obtained leave to watch by the body in the Banqueting Hall at Whitehall, and that in the darkness there entered the chamber a muffled figure, who muttered " Stern necessity." Southampton affirmed his conviction that the visitor was Cromwell. On the 8th February, 1649, Southampton attended King Charles's funeral at Windsor, and afterwards lived in retirement at Titchfield. He had to pay a fine of £6,466 for his faithful adherence to the King, and to endow the Puritan ministry in Hampshire with £250 a year. At the Restoration Charles II. appointed him Lord High Treasurer of England, which office he held till his death in London on the 16th May, 1667. He was buried at Titchfield. Bishop Burnet describes him as " A man of great virtue and very good parts." " There is a good man gone," wrote Pepys immediately after his death, and
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