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A WALK BOUND THE OLD WALLS OF SOUTHAMPTON. 119
four machicolations in the battlements over the centre arch, two to the east of the eastern, and one only to the west of the western buttress. The reason for this difference is not known.
In my next slide we have the Bar Gate of a somewhat later date. As before, we note the famous panel paintings of Sir Bevis and Ascu-part (on view in the Hall) resting on the feet of the buttresses. Over the central archway is Charles II.'s coat of arms set up in 1664 by Alderman Steptoe. This covers the ugly and incongruous sash windows, whose place was later filled by the present loopholes. Originally, a picture of Queen Elizabeth occupied the same position.
My next is a design of a clock tower which it was proposed to place on the east side of the north face of the Bar Gate. _ The architect was Philip Brannon, whose own painting of the finished design may be seen in the next room. Fortunately, the stately old Gate was spared this addition. Brannon's work as an architect, however, survives in the Unitarian Church at the corner of Bellevue Bo ad, and his skill as a painter is shewn by his pictures in this Exhibition.
Ascending to the battlements of the Bar Gate, and looking south we have a view of the High Street of the early 19th century. On the left we note the building now occupied by Messrs. Burnett and Sons, and All Saints Church ; on the right we observe the many-paned bow-windowed houses of the time which have now given place to fine shop fronts. Passing down the High Street we stop to look at Holy Hood Church of the period when a cloister and corner house separated it from the main street. Erom early times this cloister was used for town proclamations. Among the events connected with the history of Holy Hood, I may mention the visit of Philip of Spain in 1554, when he came to marry Queen Mary. During his three days' stay in Southampton he attended mass at Holy Hood, proceeding later to Winchester, where the marriage took place.
A few paces lower down the street we come to those dreary old redbrick houses, in one of which lived Henry Robinson Hartley, the founder of this institution. On the death of his father young Hartley inherited a considerable fortune. Shortly after the event, however, he left the town, shutting up his house and visiting the place only occasionally and secretly. As a result he was thought to have taken a dislike to the town. Yet when he died at Calais, aged 72 years, it was found that he had left to his native place more than £100,000 for educational purposes. The present noble building is his monument; it stands upon the site of the three old houses shewn in my picture.
Here is a view of the street above the Bar, which I wish to note at this point. In it we see the old "pound" tree, which gave the name to the lane at the end of which it stands. The building immediately on our right in part remains as Scullard's Hotel. Lower down, we see the tiny shop-front of Toogood, the seedsman. The quaintly habited pedestrians are, I am informed, well-known tradesmen of the period. These figures and the old coach in the foreground lend a very old-world air to the scene.
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