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of Southampton and its neighbourhood with her American biographer, Oscar Fay Adams, a friend of the Longfellow family, in order to identify the streets and scenes for the purpose of that biography. Mrs. Radcliffe, the 18th century novellist, Mrs. Charlotte Smith, and later writers of fiction, Thackeray, Miss Mitford, James Gregor Grant, can be shown to have come here. Among the famous actors and actresses of the 18th and early 19th century, were Anastasia Eobinson, the Lady Peterborough of Bevois Mount; Mrs. Siddons, who was a visitor to her dear friend Mrs. Charlotte Eitzhugh, of Bannister's Court ; Charles Kemble, whose copy of Shakespeare's plays is in the Hartley College Library; and John O'Keefe, whose poetical writings are in the " Legacy to his daughter," and whose remains lie in the churchyard of All Saints. Among the poets whom we know from their writings or biographies to have come here, in addition to those I have mentioned, are William Cowper, who visited his friend, Mr. Jarrett, at Freemantle ; H. J. Pye, the poet laureate of his time, who lived at Testwood ; Sotheby, who lived at Bevois Mount; Shelley ; Samuel Taylor Coleridge ; W. L. Bowles, who wrote an elegy on Netley, whose daughter, Caroline, married Robert Southey, and who lived not far away; Thomas Wharton, a poet laureate ; Bobert Pollock, author of " The Course of Time," who is buried in the old churchyard at Mill brook; William Stewart Rose, author of " The Red King," friend of Sir Walter Scott, who came here with him, as we may infer, from his indroduction to Marmion.
I am speaking of visitors and near residents who frequented the streets and roads of old Southampton at the time when it was a kind of rival to Bath and Tunbridge Wells. Among others were Charles Dibden a native of the town, whose songs live in our literature, and Anne Steel whose " nom de plume " was Thesdosia, a Nonconformist hymn writer and poetess, who is buried at Broughton. I must not omit another hymn writer, a native of this town, whose compositions have comforted millions of Evangelical Christians, Thomas Bilby, the parish clerk of Islington. He wrote the well-known hymn " Here we suffer grief and pain," with the refrain " 0 that will be joyful." Bennet Langton died here. He was a close friend of Dr. Johnson, and his memorial tablet bearing the words Johnson used in reference to him, " Sit anima mea cum Langtono," you may see in St. Michael's Church. Jonas Hanway came, a remarkable man of his time, the first to introduce umbrellas into England, and he nc doubt brought one to Southampton. Among the crowd came one who took a special interest in the streets, lanes, walls, towers, and everything else concerning this old town. I refer to Sir Henry Englefield, whose " Walks round Southampton," and other antiquarian writings are well-known. Richard Warner, the Hampshire historian came here, and William Gilpin the author of " Picturesque Beauty " and other similar works, and the original of "Dr. Syntax iq
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