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towns at the present time. In its picturesque surroundings, Southampton in the earlier Georgian age, probably surpassed them all. As years passed by people of wealth came here, and came again. The'old streets and roads began to wake up with the rumble of the stage coaches, and the arrival of people of wealth in their own carriages. A new chapter in the history of the town had begun, and some merchants from distant parts of the country came here. Among these, as early as about 1740, came George Robinson, an later on, his nephew, Henry Hartley, the grand uncle and father of Henry Robinson Hartley, both from the north of England
If you walk along Westgate Street and under the luth century gatehouse or tower at West Quay, you may see on the right the house which bears the old name Anspach Place. This is a veritable momento of the time of George II., being evidently named after Queen Caroline of Anspach. She was a clever woman and a popular queen, a patron of both arts and letters, and of irreproachable character in a reproachable age. Her influence on Bnglis politics was great. She ruled the King m all but his morals. A good woman whose loss to the country was irreparable. A well-known Hampshire poet of her time, Edward a.oung, the author of " Night Thoughts," wrote of her :—
" Midst Empire's charms, how Carolina s heart,
Grlow'd with the love of virtue and of art.
It was in George II. time that the long estrangement arose . between the King and his eldest son, Frederick, Prince of Wales. Society in town was divided into the king's party and the prince s party. The king only allowed the prince half the income he himself had received when in the same position. The prince appealec to parliament, and the king's supporters only defeated the prince s by a few votes. Ordered to leave London, Frederick went among other places to Southampton, and while here the king wrote him a strongly worded letter, severely rebuking kmi for not informing his fatheP of the condition of the Princess of Wales, shortly before the birth of her Srst child. That letter the prince Aung on one side here, and it was found later on by a house painter in this town.
Such circumstances as these the name Anspach Place recalls to our memory, and if you wish to recall another historical circumstance, read the account of the scene by the aeath-bed of Caroline of Anspach, and of her husband's reply to her dying advice—in the midst of his grief that was no doubt genuine in its way.
It was in the Georgian days that the streets and roads underwent a great improvement, but in these changes some ancient features
disappeared, which a little expense might have preserved. One of
these was the portcullis at West Quay gate, which on February loth,
1744_5 was ordered to be removed as a " nuisance and of no
manner 'of use." The grooves in which it was worked you may still see. The street paving Act of the 18th century was passed in
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