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´╗┐THE FRENCH CHUBCJH IN SOUTHAMPTON.
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some years previously been instituted as Rector of Millbrook, and thus discharged the twofold and unusual duty of ministering to a Conformist and to a Nonconformist Congregation. His influence probably conduced to secure the desired assent.
Several important privileges remained to the Congregation ; they were to retain their Consistory, to have power to choose their Minister, and to have control of their Charities. Although the use of the Anglican Liturgy was necessary, it was to be rendered in the French language, a practice which continues to this day.
In 1856 a scheme was adopted under which a new body of Trustees (who had latterly taken the place of the Elders) was nominated, and in 1864 Queen's College confirmed the loan of the Chapel of St. Julian to the French Congregation for " such time as the said Chapel may not be required for the use of the Brothers and Sisters of the Hospital of God's House."
III.
THE ART OF PAPERMAKING, AS ASSOCIATED WITH THE REFUGEES AT SOUTHAMPTON.
Many industries received fresh strength and development from the energy and enterprise of the Refugees who made their home in England, and those industries were often especially associated with the various localities in which the "strangers" were established. Thus at Sandwich and Norwich the trade chiefly practiced by the Refugees was Clothweaving ; at Wandsworth, Battersea and Bermond-sey, Gardening, Joinery and Felting ; at Colchester, Maidstone and Spitalfields, Silkweaving ; in Austin Friars, Glassmaking ; at Yarmouth, the fishing industry ; at Buckingham, Lacemaking.
Among the trades adopted by the foreign settlers at Southampton, prominence may be given to the art of Papermaking.
In the manufacture of paper this country had, until late in the seventeenth century been by eclipsed her Continental rivals ; all the best papers were imported and chiefly from Holland, France and Italy.
Nor was it an easy matter for our countrymen to acquire a knowledge of this art from abroad. Ulman Strorner, the author of the first work dealing with Papermaking, established a Paper-mill at Nuremburg in 1390. He compelled his employes to bind themselves by an oath that they would neither make paper on their own account nor communicate the art to any other person, and in the sixteenth century we find the Dutch so apprehensive lest their pre-eminence in this industry should be placed in jeopardy that the exportation of paper-moulds was made punishable by death.
A protective conservatism differing in degree existed also in France and in Italy.
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