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April 17, 1912.
Our Weekly Illustrated feature.
Though perliaps tho Volunteer principle was never so strong as it is in Southampton to-day, never so complefely repreeentative or *o eg cient (mince efficiency is largely. the outcome of opportunity), it warn pretty well established a full century ago. We have to-day every branch of the citizen army represented, and ■well represented, but it will come as new; to many that over a hundred years ago we *h'aEARLY DAYS.
The history of. the unit now known as the5th Hants dates from the late 'fifties and early 'sixties, when, as the result of the popular en- I thusiasm for Volunteer service, stimulated by tho success of the French arms in Northern Italy, six companies of infantry were formed in the town, their headquarters being at an eld riding school which occupied the site of the present Carlton Drill Hall. The uniform of the corps was of dark grey, and the headgear was a shako adorned with drooping feathers. Many men prominent in public life at the time were associated with the venture, among the first officers of the revived Volunteers being the lafco Sir Frederick Perkins, hi* brother, tho late Mr. Walter Perkins, Mr. F. Lankoster, Mr. T. 0. Elliott, father of Major Walter P. Elliott, the present senior major, and Mr. H. Abraham, father of the present senior captain, Capt. and Hon. Major Abraham. All these were officers of the six companies, and other familiar names of gentlemen con* oected with the corpalu its earliest day* were Colonel 0. A. Grimm ton, of Itchen, mho upon retirement (from tho Regular Army assisted the local corps greatly, Mr. J. H. Oooksey, whose eon Major 8. Cooksey wa* for many years an officer of the old 2nd Hants, Mr. Patrick Keane, who was Clerk to the Harbour Authority at tho time, and Mr. T. A. Skelton, a local architect and a member of a well-known Southampton family.
One of the first adjutants was Capt. O'Shea. There was an abundance of enthusiasm in those days, even if the equipment (lacked the com-pleteaee* o! the Territorial outAt of to-day. The Grat Vdunteem had to drill with whatever arms they possessed, and the result was that before nlBcial arm* were imaued to them, they wed to appear for drill, if not for parade, with double and mingle barrel shotguns, and even with rook rifles. They were not a sufficiently large body to gain locaJ automony, and after a time they became amalgamated with a Vol an-leer body in the Now Foreet, which had sprung into existence from the ashes of an ancient corps -which had charged itself with the responsibility of local defence at the time of the Napoleonic wars.
Thus united, the Southampton and New Forest Volunteer* became known a* the 4th Administrative Battalion of the/ Hants Rifles, and the drat commanding offker of the complete unit waa Ool. W. C. D. Eadaile, of Burley, who #3* very prominent in county affair* at the time, aa Chairman of Quarter Sea*ion*, and in other capacities Another officer waa Sir George Brooke Pecholl. then head of the well-known ilbxlt* military family. There were three oompanica at Southampton, afterward* incroaaed to four, known aa the Headquarter Cbmpaniem, and their commandant waa l&e late Oapt. Robert Harffeld, father of Mr. Bernard Harfield, J.P.
A few years before the amalgamation the
V* Engineer Volunteers had been eKahlirh.-/mo the to*n with Oapt. Philip Buchan (who
P. ELLIOTT, Second in Command
Photo by] [II. W. Salmon, Winchester.
died a short time ago^aa commandant, another | of the officers bciAg Mr. Alexander Rowland. ! a famous doublo-baas player of the period | They were headquartered at the Long Room*, West Quay, and after a while amalgamated I with the Southampton Companies of the 4th Hants, CM Vandeleur being in command of the whole battalion, in succession to Col. j Kadarte, with Capt. Buchan as second in com-
THE VOLUNTEER BATTALION. I This arrangement did not last very long, for, upon the formation of a company at Bishop-I stoke, efforts were made to establish the South-I ampton men aa a sepa-ate unit. This sue-I ceeded, OoJ. Buchan taking command of the I 2nd V.B. Hants Regt., and Ool. Vandeleur i retaining Jhe command of t
t the Now Forest Com-
plies. Tho corns at that time contained many Volunteers, wno are still prominent in public I life in the town. Ool. W. H. Swayne, who had gone through every rank save that of colour -sergeant, became one oi Ool. Buchan'a major*, and the other -was tho late Mr. T. A. Skolton. Ool. E. K. Perkins, subsequently another commanding officer, who had also passed through the ranks, was one of the Company commander*, tho present .Mayor, Mr. Henry Bowyer, being a member ef the Omipariy, and both Colonel* Swayne and Perkins put in a period of training at Wellington Barracks. On the retirement of 0)1. Buchan, CW. Nwayno took up the command, and it waa during his three years of executive control that the Battalion (uniformed at the timp scarlet and helmet, which bad just given place to (light grey with a ahako and ball) went to camp as a unit for the .finst time, the site of the camp being Lynd-Hurst, near tne Racocouruo. Previously there had been no regular camp, though from time to time rompaniee had be^n detached for short periods for training with the Regular* at Aid or shot. The Battalion also formed part of tho great army reviewed at Aldershot on the occasion of the Jubilee of Queen Victoria. Col. Siirkins, who lives at Aldormoor, was the next commanding office having previously served up to the rank of captain in tho Regular* with the Liverpool Regiment, and he was in
efficiency—Col. Christopher H. H. Candy, and . 0»1. Sir George Hussey. iMany past officer* of the corps are still with us, occupying, in. many.
position* in public life. Four ng officers, all at ill interested
former commanding officers, all still interested in the doing* of the Battalion are named above; former officers o* fidkl rank include iMajor* Sharp, Richard Bell, 8. Oooksey, and Julian Perkins, as well ns the date Major M. Emanuel, Miior J. IE. (Le (Feuvro, and Major G. Brinton, « and among the past captains still resident in our midst are Meeers. Q. K. Page, E. E. Cooper, .and J. iF. St. Q. Archda* D^. Russell Bencraft is also an ox-Volunteer, having served aa a surgeon.
During tho South African war the 2nd Hants supplied a strong active service contingent, which Major Julian Perkins commanded, and which acquitted Itself iwith great credit. Detailed ruferenoo to this w-Jl later on form a chapter in our Briton v. Boer story. On their return officers and one were accorded a town's welcome, and had the honour of having their names inscribed on the honourable xofl of Freemen of the Borough, on which Lord Roberts, Lord Kitchener, and Sir Radver* BuHer also siibsoribed their names on their
The part played aunnr th* war by tho local
Volunteer* is fairly well known, but one ia tempted to make an eactract from a letter sent by a member of the contingent, not for the reason that it adds anything to hiatory, but because »if the spirit it shows, the spirit which animated them all. The man quoted wrote thuswise: "Hurrah! I've got some news at last. I have broken my left forearm working at the lathe. Went on working for half-en-hour, and then promply fainted. I think I •hall volunteer (for service in China) when this
Ths strength of the Battalion is 30 officer* and 760 N.O.O.'s and men. Their present headquarters, the Carlton Hall, as stated above, occupying the site of the old riding school, -which wis the first station of tho old Volunteers, but there was a period in their history ' when the Drill Hall was in Windsor Terrace.
The complete list of officers is as followa Hon. Col , Col. the Hon. Sir II. G. L. Crichton, A.D C.; Lieut.-Ool.. H. burford-Hancock (com-manding); Ms**. W. P. EWiott, V.D., C. R. L. ; Day, and G. Abraham, V.D.; Major and Q.-M-, ^ (1. E. M. P.uffell; Surgeon, Capt. R. E. Lauder; ^ Chaplains, the Rev. C. K. Matthew* and the Rev. J. E. Hatch; Captains, J. C. liassett, 8. W. Riohardson, R. F. Outteridge, J. A. Crichton, G. Martin, S. J. Gubb, A. L. Steven-eon, and W. J. Elvy; Lieutenants, J. J. Max-well, H. B. Perkins, H. A. H. Swayne, J. 0. Dominy, W. F. Bart bit, J. D. Paterson, C.
E. Hoare, R. St. C. Thomson, W. Anderson,"
F. II. Burnett A. \f Wharton, E. W. Andrew*, R. L. Need ham. F. R. Fear, and H. P. Hill 2 Captain and Adjutant, F. W. Earle. Majors Elliott, Abraham, and Ruffe!) (Quarter-Maater)

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