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May 29, i9i2.
SOUTHAMPTON AND DISTRICT PICTORIAL.
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Our Weekly lllustrafed Feature.
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No. 8.—WHITE STAR AND AMERICAN LINES' LAUNDRY.
Dockland i of contrasts, some of them apparent to tL at casual observer; some only known to those who are acquainted with the by-■ways am well aa tho highways of the Docks. One of the most remarkable of the contrasts is the fact that above the noisy boilershop of «Messrs. Ilarland and Wolff, which occupies a site near the western boundary of the Dock Estate, is the extensive laundry of tho White Star and American Line*. It is a department of activity which marly occurs to tho mind oven of tho Atlantic traveller, much less to tho general public. Tho former potes with satisfaction tbo spotless napery of his dining table, and tho general cleanliness of his cabin appointments, never paying heed to tho size of the Company's "linen cupboard," or to the highly organised and specialised methods by .•which it is plenished.
Picture an .Olympic with threo thousand souls on board; reckon up their weekly requirements in the way of linen, serviettes, shoots, bedspreads, towels, and tho like; then add to the sum the requirements of the steamers necessary to maintain a weekly service for two Companies, and you will appreciate the necessity for laundry plant capable of turning out
100,000 PIECES A WEEK,
and with a high pressure capacity twenty-five per cent, in excess of that figure. It is for this purpose that the White Star and American Lines have organised their big laundry business, established at the top qf a great corrugated iron building in a corner of Dockland, employing nearly fifty hands, and containing tho most up to date laundry machinery which laundry engineers have yet devised. Gome of the machinery, in. deed, im the biggest and meet mpeedy in tho world. The great ironing machines (shown in one of our pictures) have each of them a capacity for work only governed by the number of hands which can be accommodated at iL The rest of the plant ia designed on a corresponding scale. Labour-saving devices are at every hand, and the conditions of work arm aa complete am science, and the determination to have only the best, can make them.
Everything is electrically driven; there is no gas or coal or coke, oostomarily used in lAundriem, on the premises, and the result im
INFINITE CLEANLINESS.

in all the appurtenances of the con mere catalogue of the machinery is impressive. The elevator is on familiar lines, though its capacity for shifting great bundles of soiled linen ia enormous. The washing machinea are huge, but delicate pieces of mechanism, which swallow linen aa fast aa it can be served; the hydros, shaped like hug* vais, the
water until the cleansed articles are half-dry when they come out. The ironing machines practically do the reat for sheets, serviettes, and the like, for they dry aa well aa iron. Blanket., from their nature, have to be dried on a different principle, being placed on apecial drying hormea fitted with atcam coila, which extract all the moisture, the dampness being expelled in the form of atcam through tho roof. The tempeiaturo of the blanket dry-ing Mceptaclea is kept at aummer heat, 90 degrees, so that the articlea are dried under natural conditions. Tho hand irons, for staichcd articlea, stewards' jackets, etc., are electrically heated, the win* depending from above the irunera.
WATER SOFTEN ISO PLANT.
Tho Company has its own water softening plant, which so treats the water that when ready for use it is am soft as rain water, con-

CLEAN LINEN
A CORNER OF THE LAUNDRY.
I
THE GREAT IRONING MACHINERY.
tcibuting therefore, to a considerable economy • in tho matter oT soap. Nor is that lbs only money and time saving scheme which the White Star laundry Jxmsts. There is another contrivance which conduces to economy in soap and watar. The sospmwda resulting from tho first washing aro discharged, but the water used in tho second washing, being comparatively clean, is run off into a tank and need for the first washing of the next batch of articles. So it ia with the rinsing water, substantially the same method being employed.
"SIDE LINES."
There are plenty of what may be called sido lines, including a wonderful carpet cleaning madiine, into which dirty carpets are "fed." Padded "arms," electrically operated, aro set in motion by a levor, and the beating commences. One has only to see tbo whirling arms hurtling round to appreciate that vory littlo dust remains in a carpet after a few moments " tluvshing." In an adjoining compartment of the red-brick hoi lor-house, which lies at the foot of the great shed, tho spaciom top floor of which comprises tho laundry, ia tbo disinfecting machine, no less effective in ita special department than tho oarpot beater.
As showing the conditions under which the hands work it may bo mentioned that the premises contain fivo ventilating fans which change the air every minute and a half, and tliat the cooking and heating appliances in the* mess room are all electrically heated.
So much by way of general survey of the laundry, with its general airiness and brightness, and, incidentally, a fine view of sea and land, of tho mast-tops of big linors, little craft on the dancing waters of the estuary, and the restful green of the Forest shore. I
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WASHING DAY AT TILE DOCKS
is, of course, a euphemism which represents the boot part of a week's work. Tho laundry of a White Star liner roaohee the laundry normally on Saturday evening. Tho bundles of clothes, representing anything up to 75,000 pieces, which is the Olympic's record for a single week, are hustled up to tho laundry by the elevator and separated. Tho washing machines and the hydros clean and dry the plain articles in a few minutes, and they aro ready for tho great ironurs. Each of them lias a capacity of 1,848 serviettes per hour, or 78 12-feot tablecloths per hour. When it is remembered that on the Olympic there are 44 varieties of articles, ranging in size from blankets to serviettes, and that thero are 23,000 of tho latter in the Olympic's stock, it will be seen that tho " waah" of the world's largest liner is a considerable business, requiring, primarily, a supreme talent for organisation. Uy Tuesday evening the various processes are complete, and the nlman linen'is sent through another " shoot " and placod on
On tho following morning the linen of the American*liner in port is received, representing approximately 22,000 to 23,000 articles. Tho processes aro repeated, and by the following morning the work is done, and the linen cupboard of the Vessel sailing on the following Saturday is replenished. There is a considerable spare stock, of course, but in most cases tlie whole outfit of the liner is washed, ironed, and mended (in^a special department equipped with electrically driven sewing machines) in readiness fur sea again.
Laumkrying for liners which have to keep a schedule is an exact science, it will bo seen, Hons the less notable for its triumphs ol engineering skill and organisation because it is carried oa out of sight of the public eye.

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