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oyUTHAMPTU.- 1'vLlu, .
THE SOUTHAMPTON OBSERVER AND WINCHESTER NEWS-SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 2. 1878.
f, •bW-bo.llr\ mm,
9«tt, waa broigtil ai> by P C. Yo*ng.
tllsurtkerljr. lu UrWgr-atre-t. Hie |>re-■ l° "PPVr th0r* th*1 d*r
Than* wa. ch.rv-wl by PC. bongman with * llk# " —vrl, tlie pfeVVw* Bli^iU-A» irnimhlhc t ewse. he >ru Uheiiar*H.
p.ml'i MM* Henry Tho
oBipnre In MP


r^r^wsKs "saastji ssc
nefoic J. II. Cookse^Uq (diairman). Alitermao Kra.nuel, «»•> U. r. lVrklta. Kaq .
wa. eliargpHbr tf.ti K*ktoawllto being *rnuk In Owre-.treot on SuoiUy ■tteraoon.—DeftnrtVu WantM to light.
Martin *«ld dsfewlant u«y«l very baU language. and swore
ZSZ
In St Mary-street ■-! Sumlay nl-ht.-LKif»n monl 4. aW eo*t«. or seven ilajrs.
• AasAtLTtVO x Wire.—Jobs Turner, an ephol.tcrcr. of Cpper lUmil.lfr-.iMt.wu bronchiup on a Kimurt for awsnliinj hi. wife. to which tie pleaded ifnllty.—The wtfs •■Id iiWondant wa* a very givm baabaml wbvit aolwr. but wlirn U»t drunk he assaulted l«r,*l»loi{ her thu bUrk eye •lie then had. blie did not wlali to pre** U» eliarye l(Ae w«« iKinnU over io keep the poaeo.— Defendant aald ho was very aorry for wliat h.d uresrrvU.—'The cm waa adjourned tur a mnntb.
Dbc*e a*o Iscatabli:.—William -Oakley,- charged


do. -Defendant aald alio had a but thumb. It hurt l*r Utuwb.\bS'i£pof%MtiimM mnplMe^pMM^ — ""he magistrate* exprced an degradation to wake the girl dhl not ntam to do the waa down on bar -The
i mailt waa a «re«t-----
work.—Defendant aala aha 'jfflg '
woul'l hare

onld put all tlie-Inmate* on oakum pick-

sdlonrned for • luontli to are how aba ionducted beraalf la KxcocLiM.—Tlwmaa Kortrost. a paiMocer by tha vailigar. wa. charged with thla ofcnee.—Kxaralnlng-illlccr Clotlile.- ..M that morning defendant produced hi. i*eg*ge from tbe Kasltgar. from Bombay, for examination, ud he waa a.kcd what be detlarod for doty. IIa aald be tad one package of tobacco, which he bought aa llba, but lid not tiilnk It waa aa much, lie aald that waa all ha ■ad liable for duty, bat on examining Ida baggage he ound altogether Tlba Itoxs tobawo. and alba of cigar,, the
ne-terraee. a reapertably-dre.aed young man," »lth leaving hla wife and child ebar%e<*le to iellerlog-ofiner Hnntley aald on the Mod of fen>laut a wife applied for relief for herself

lana who ordure I it tailor, and rould eai
treet Northern. fall iad been living wli hlaexpcnae. and intrlbutM toward.
ililld,—William Fryer. II
nice*.—The revelation, dl.elo.ed ai to the behaviour of defendant toward* Ida wife were of the mo.r rtlsgutting thinner.—Mr Cookaey .aid thl. waa ono of the worse cat-bo had atvr heard, and aent defendant to hard labour for 11 day., tailing blm that If at tlie expiration of that limn ha did not iouo proper pntvl.lon for bla wife and ■ lie would ho aent back to jail for at lean a month.—
and commuting an Indecent aa«ault aa under,—Mra Ana Harding, a laandrv... proved Mlog to the Xag * Uead. Illgb-.treet, on Mond.y, for the dirty ' icu. and on going Into a room (here a»w prisoner a.li.grareful poaltlon.—l'rlMneradmitted ho wa. drunk, d after a .harp reprimand from the Chairman, be waa cd 10. ana co.tt. and In default l« ilaya.
SLAPPIXO a HwiaJ'i i ac» —Klliatwth Dull.a married irntn. wa. charged with aataultlng Mary Ann Hall, aa drr:—It appeared that complainant went to the Dock, meet Iwr brother on Monday afternoon, and on meeting fendant and having a few word, about her brother, It-ndani .lapped her face ihreo tlme^—i'.C. I*ureell heard
complainant, it .aid eomplalnai

n.—The Dench took this vie*
t noon, on Tue«li Mr Monday a .hop. ow the pa pel- to tlie UDCLHT kXLI*TM
-J ante. Sanger, a Mil rr with being drunk lu Ore:

t hla mother waa 111.—Mr !
*ze, waaahaaiad
onTjio reprwnia.
llreary .aid Ihl, w»
and he hawked ahnan.cu awut uio •">»" ■"
moat Kahrtg. of Hanover :letting to have hi. cbl ofendaut .aid he had eo
wmiaa^flSinr Uorrow.
-place, wa. almllarly r the a me offence, dl
William Ltnea.hlre. of Latlmer-.troet, for tha
assasmssessasz
Fredertck°l *.^?foe the ame offenM.—Having bad the
-SOUTHAMPTON" SCHOOL BOAUD.
Tliautual monthly meeting nf tlie mamljera it tM« HjarJ w*. h.id _»t the o£Hcc«, Lin'-l"«u« H"we. 0»«tle-»qu.re, ou Tut.lay afternoon, when there were
If' R*nd*,l» (Chairman), the Han *
A letter from the Pnblie Loan Coramleiibnere Informed th« Boaid that ht tha 13th e**M of tha W.h and 80th Victoria, elaoaa 89. every intending borrower waa ra-
" -------the 3l.t Dxambar in^mch yaar •
taw loan likely \o y applied for r. The Commiuionart would jiot
quired to .end bafoi >>• »bla to land any b.lai
mlea. doe notice «
— 0* '«■»»» J ready -
m by the Slat of March.—The Work! and General Porpoeei
SA%PdHI&pUX:q\ OP WORKMEim
cLuBs iiiD ISsrn'Oi'Ka.
The •anual rae.llug "f A*JE:ec*dre Coamittre of .thu iiiaiuulion waa licfcf iin ThuBKy "week In the Audit Uouae. dwutaamytun, when fiicf* were preieut the KIght Hon W. CTewper Temple, who nmaided. Junior-bailiff P. Warren, tfc* Rev G. C. White, hon »ee, the llev A. Louglatada (Ka.Ueigh), the Ilev J. F. Moon-/ Captain Uarura, Meaar. ii»'»» (llenuey). t reemantie, 8. Man»briif;e. L. Poweli, B.n*ett, J. l'ateraoa (from the London Jnatitute of Workmen'. Club.), W. C. We.ilake, Ac.—The Hon Secretary read "" *»port, and alae apologia, for non-attendance from . ... - e Rev. Canon Wilberforce, P «.
% Mr^nw (h6.
during the ye
__ is Do v>d scnoots 00T«m*ni . T?' Qertjiaxt read a letter from Mr Skelteo, clerk t« the Endowed School. Governor*, notifying that Canoi Wllberforee'a term of offic. expired on the 2Wi Inak-Mr WeMlaka moved and Mr Pbippard aeconded tbi Canon a re-election. Mr Millar ralakag the qneation wbetbe it waa not IntendM by the achame that they .hoold appoint a member of their ««m body. Canon Wilberforce having been vice-chairman of the School Board when he waa nominated.— Mr Meldram moved and Dr Palk •econded the nomination of tb» Rev C. Strange, the preaent vioe-chiirman. and the original motion being withdrawn Mr Strange wa* nnanlmon.ly elected.
The contract far the enlargement and repairs of the Ra*iern DUtriei Beimel premi.ee waa. on the motion of the Chairman, eeconded by Mr A. Hilfier, *igned.
Tbe Work* and General Nrpeee* Committee reported thaUhaving eoWdered the matter of the porcbaae of a tit^or the Central Dittrkt School, they recommended that »neh pnrchaae be made accordingly mnder, the 8*ee# Rile* Act A memorandum from Mr Hickman, anlldtor to the board, explained that the Rev Canon Wilberforce wag Willing to part with one acre of hi* giebe land, for the -purpoee* ef thi. echooL and the Committee reooatmended the board to accept • title onder the School Site* Act. by which eome delay would be avoided. The Chairman moved the adoption of the r*'^Ti-"blch waii teeonded by tha Rev H. H. Peraira. —Mr Weetlake aaked whether the laud waa te be need for any other porpoee than for eehoela T-Th» Chairman replied that tbe condition* were not *o tight a* In the caw of tbe Barter* DUtrlct School*.—'1 be propo-•ition wa* then adopted.
Biroil TOWg A2ID IUTIU DtmitCT eCHOOLB.
Tito aatne committee recemmeaded that an application be made Ut the Pnblio Worka Loan Commiwioner* for a loan of £350 for the enlargement and Improvement of tbe UevoU-town School building*, a* already decided on br the board.—Tbe Chairman moved the adoption of the report, which wa* eeconded by Mr Dible.—Mr Mel-drum enquired if a contract had been entered into ! —
The Chairman replied in the affirm*!. __________
!T*peed!%# rlgopmaly.—The report «u
the work* were PfC# then adopted.—The
ilttee further >« aothoHae.1 to k at theee building, the pronoeitlon of

upon the architect'* certiRcate Howell on account of the work* at •chooL—Tbi. w» agreed to, on the man, eeconded by Mr Dible.—Th'
Bailey and Son., £50, both — emd of 4Z0 ** Mr the Eaetem Diitrict motion of the Chair-report* of the Bye-
—. -• - --------- i( tlie Southern l)i.trict school,
read by Mr Phippard ;.and of tha manager* of th* recommending the
------------ . , ......if the Chairman
idopted.—Mr WeetUka eta led there were over 3000 " (he board *chool..—Thl. oloaed re th* board, who re*olved them-
Bevole-town .c&ool—the li ipdintment of Mil
Infant*' *chool._on the propo.ltii
he public bu*i

SOUTH STONER1M BOARD OF GUARDIANS,
At the fortnightly meeting of the Board on Tueaday lere were present the Chairman (Mr Tho«. Warner), the Viqe-Chairman (Mr. Ito.amon), CommanderLoney, R N., Captain. Andrew and Oliver. K.M , Lieutenant lonel Ward. Meeira. W.Warner. R.Scovell, J. Gater. rey, W. Owten, Chapman, Bailey, and J I. Buchan, cted Guardian* and Captiin Browell, R.M , J.P.,
A'.ESSiB.NT.
1 letter waa read from th* Town Clerk of South-inton, in reference to the auee.mciit by the Union ihoritie* of the>.ewage worka at Port.wood, asking ormation a. to how the rateable value of £131 1. . arrived at. a* the Borough mrveyor had not been able to procure thl* from the Board eurveyor and valuer—Tnl. communication wa* referred to ihe

leed; and the Chairman laid be itt b* all obligf d to Captain1 A rat trouble he bad taken in the *Cmr**D BCKIAL OR 1 letter wa. read from Mr. K. 11
Man.field, l
burial ground attached to the church at Weat. nd being now filled, Mr*, llaxlefoot had preitnted wn aerce of ground fpr the -rurpo.c of providing »d. .itlonal accommodation on condition of it* being grained, fenced, planted, and put into repair, and a committee had been appointed by Ihe parlahionera to endeavour to raiae .ub.criptiona in cover thl. exprn.e, which woald not be far abort of £200.—Mr. Mat..geld laid h* had been deputed to eolicit the ai.i.tance of the Bokrd to thl* project, the burial of pauper, forming no Incon.iderable proportion of the burial, in the pari.h. —The Board, after aome dl.cna.ion, in.tructed ibe Clerk to inform Mr. Manafitld that they had no power
Union ; Ja-
he .alary of which wa* £15. appll, ved frpm Maria Loui.a Walter., married, formerly belonging to Sli employed in the I.I* of Wig
Bruwnini Vincbeater.treet ing, aged 43, of C
ingaland-plac icr .treet, Nc appll^pla ,
(Mr. J. Robin.) in
adtktke Sekool . * ,
1877, waa aanctioned by the Board
Th* ln.pector for the dl.trict imell ariaing from Mr. Rall'i ftc
reported that the ry duiing tbe pa»t re e.pecially ao on. included the buii-
A* AcciBrsT.—Aogait. 1874.
can log oon«a»Uon ef th. brain.
with agOutolng pall from the crown of the head
...........
leowt of lu wunderfill eSoaey a.
reakuaea-1 th« back

lloarixt*'. Tra.—Choice tea. a
------- ----- W .,^5^324
mm
•Co. 1 Tone* — T1
I bare already reoel ■alt and Splae Baod.
— —, — benefit* of which 1 .ball hope In du» t---
bo able to gh* *C good an eewemt of a. 1 can my own. and
wHiinea. of ayloa. aad acUoa of the kidaey*. heavy « ■Ion 00 the top of the he*d, at .time, almoat paialyria* the brain. ciu.ln« loe. of memory, dimnaa. of 11*ht, reeUea*
rf^tbe*
•hort
bop* to l'v»a~Wj7 __Jnd Implore thoee who are afflletad. and Ilk,
^J' bbS35'

1. Th**baiance\beet (bowed receipt, amounting to £3d 1* fiJ. and promi*e* ' £25 1*. with ao additional 10* from
ilor-baiiiff Warren to iaat year', account*, while the
unlor-baiiiff Warren to la*t year"* account*.
xpenditur* had been £19, leaving a balani _____
hand* of the trraaurer of £19 2* 9d. The report atated hat although a lociety of that kind could hardly be ex->ected to achieve great re*ulu in the firat year of it* rxiitence, there were good xroende to con* ratulate theee mere.ted in It* work on the *ucee*« of their eSoru. Ifier the adoption of the nil**, circular, were l*eued to ill the beneficed clergy, magistrate*, and profewional [entlemen in the county, and an encouraging amount tl interest had been awakened in the6 Union. Pive 1 (filiated club* had, through the agency of the Union, •btalned box*, of book* on lean, and much aati.faction tad been expreaaed at that branch of it* operationa. Eight club, had joined th* Union, and a ninth applica*
Baaing* tol



t iiroadland* Park on C ioidably postponed, 1

of that friendly feeling which it wa* the le.ire of the Union to encourage. Arrangements had een made with Profe**or Pepper, Mr B J. Maiden, md Mr K. W. Lewi* to give lecture* to certain club* t greatly reduced fee*, and they hoped that the .y.tetn f leeture. might be made more generally useful. It raa hoped that **me prize tcheme might be arranged Bother year to encourage member* of the club* 10 *triv* iir the attainment of a higher ilaadard of knowledge, irr intimated that the growing work of the Union uld neceaiitate the employment of a paid eecretary, ----« V. a. ,----—-lilting
who would be abb
if club* In the country. A cordial fi or
H Pratt, Mr D. Waterman, and the Rev B. L. Berthon
the clube within the Union during th* winter. In con." elusion, they eameitly sppesled for s much more practical intereit, in the Union, mentioning that a sum of £150 would be amply sufficient to carry on the work ---.h year.—The Chairman moved tk* adoption of the ■ort, and said although the year had not been one of ' tthev were laying the foundation is. One of the great difficulties aU
ched to clubs 1



ited in the election of ir commute®, and officers, but when they joined the Union the difficulty disappeared. They had now got their machinery into practical working order, and be believed that by another year the Union would be more widely extended. Their present difficulty wai in regard dutiei ef which the Iter G. C. red of, a* he found them very heavy.—Captain Barton eeconded the adoption ef the report, and hoped the e«.mmlttee would introduce, a plan ' stablishment of ia»ingi banki and other in-tl-
in the club, mentioned, l'hi. wa. intended ne at Ea.tleigh aa aoon aa poaaible.—Mr Role, f tbe election of the executive committee for ling year, a, follow*:—The Venerable Arch. Jacob, Rev* J. F. Moore, Canon Wilberforce. Wright. Lieutenant-Colonel W. C. D. Kwhile, Captain Barton, Me.ar. F. Compton, P. Warren, and L. H—It wa. agreed that the committee .hould half-yearly, permi.»ion being given the lecretary II a meeting whenever he thaught necessary.—A vote of thatiki to the Chairman for preiiding, and to the Mayor for the uie of the Audit House terminated
.k---------It wa* announced that a public meet-
fn the Victoria Rooms in the evening " 'he tame object. At ihe hour ap. pointed (a* reported in lait week'* 5. 0.1. th* Right Hon Cowper-Temple, M P., Mr A Gile., the Rev G. C. White, Mr W. C. Wretlake, Mr J. Pateraon, and a



r Cecil Wldte ha. addreated the following

o Indifference to the objee
"deed, that many peraou* --------------------
were*led from doing ao at th* laat moment, and tw< forking m*n walkml In from a d la lance of Are mile* u tltend It. Ioju.llca to mywlf. however, will you allow me o .ay that X .cut out by poet carde aiwl circular, upwanl. if JOj notice., and I did not feel Ju.tided In going 10 th* xpen«e of advertising further without being aaibovtsed to lo eo? If .pace permits will you print the following xtract from a letter which 1 have .lore received from Mr •ateraon, of the Council of the London Union ? - Had (he neetlngtaken place I aliotild havo urged upon thoae preaent 101 only the great .oclal, moral, and Induatrlal advantage, if well managed club., but al.o th* benefit to bo derived rom grouping cloti. into district unions. The fsrent ioclcty In London has long urged tbe neees.lty of thee, oca I union., beeanw the Central Union I. too dl.tant to endcr many aervlcw, which branch nnlbn. could render, through .uch unlou. Ihe Central Union would he enableFORESTRY. — COURT « QRAHEURY \ PAWK^" No. *038.
Th* snnu.I dinner In connection with thli old eitab-ihed Court took place at tb* George Inn. Above Bar, 1 .MondaV evening last. Th* room wa* gaily decorafd r the occawon with bunting, ft*toon*, mottoe*, Ac. The- char wa* flll*d by Br W. Water*, and there wa* about 00brethren and,friend* pre**nt Including Captain W. O. Water*. Meter. Tinklir. G. T. Pope, Boalu.o, Scott. J. D. Dongla* (Secretary). Hutchin*, Harrindale, A. J. Dyer, Hardlman, W. II. Brundritt, C. " '*ll. Staine*. Shirr. 0.T


THE "GILCHRIST" LECTURES AT THE HARTLEY INSTITUTION.
In Monday evening the third of the** lecture! wai vered at the Hartley Initltution Mr Alder-3 MeCalmont presiding over a numeroui tndance Mr Proctor explained that hit purpoie ihen would be to look Into the pa.t, and In bli tecond lecture, a fortnight hencp, te look forward to the future.
they found enidence ol a different kind, but pointing in the iame direction. In tbe first place all the planet*



:eption, that of Uranu*. nebular hypotheii* of lad been formed by th* ou* matter, and pointed ce had been xtrikingly ions, though (ince hi*
h and all th* planeta are gathering jielve* million* of ton* of matter from th* •yitem*. Thi* bulk wa* not now appreciably g, though the eaith itself gathered in of thouiandi of torn every rear. What wai
of year 1 of active operation, and lomething like million! of thue bodiei were gathered into the ear
ide, he found that if jbey put Imagined her to
rough calculat

e beginning of
re it 01 ner tuix in me interval. Mr rroetor then ciuied to be thrown on a ecreen. by the aid of a lantern and the lime-light, a aerie* of photographic and other illuatrationa of th* aelar lyitem, which he explained in paiiing, adopting the theory that the larger the planet probably the younger it wa«, not eo much In year* a* in development, and therefore the *ub. though the oldeit member of the aolar ayitem, was altogether the youngest a* pasting through it* firit itage. The illtta-trationi of nebulout groupi ibewed vaiiou* itagea of. development juit as Lsplsce imagined, and xpectrum nnalyil* had proved that iom* of tb* .group* were r* of incandescent vapour or gas; thu* further gtbening hi* theory. A serle* of pielt
th* orbits 1


inoihcr eerie*
latin* proportions of the sun* and rth group consisted of photograph* of th* * n * surface, and Its appearance e* eee* through powerful telescopes during eclipses, lowing the ruddy proturbanccs, corona, Ac. These latter, Mr Proctor remarked; would give the audience some idea of the enormous energy of the proceue* con«tantly going on in the *un, and the enormou* distance to which It ex* tended. Spectrum analysis had proved that the sun waa computed of the lame elements as the earth, though not, perhap., in the same proportion j sod It was a logical necessity to aasutns that the other planets were-like the sun; fn other words, that th*re_wssa oneness of constitution at well as of motion In the snlsr system. Mr Proctor slated at lingth hie restoas
for aappoaing that Jupiter and Baiorn ware in a condition of great heat. Summing up, by said it was toierably clear that the laiger a planet waa the younger It wa* a* regarded its development, the greater the heat which atill pervaded ita mass, and the greater thi envelope of cloud which en wrapped it; and there wai much reason to believe thai In the larger planeta the] had an illustration of the remote past of, the earth In a concluding eloquent peroration he Insisted that the mare scientific men studled these matters, the greatfr the range over which they carried their survey, the more they ware convinced that they ware looking at that which In apace waa tha merest point, la time the merest second. At the close tbsnks was awarded to Mr Proa tor.
a®®?
Letter Writer,- Xfc-C. Banner, O. BrWgwbeet
1 arm somm^M7i;oNgmamp' I TRAMWAYS-
"Hie fallowing, somswbea abur*e#*d inexleat, fjomtbi Railmj /nor 1 will be found of considerable mtere*by our readers:—Pew place*, we should suppose, offer s srtOar or mora attractive field W toe peoseeatien ef tramway enterprise than the town and county of Southampton. It i* net a Ntt'e #ur%r**ln* that it should k vs been I.ft so luig overlookad; but the greund i. now fally occupied. A company has been incorporated by A* «f Parliament, with power to raise i^0.u». in sharee of £10 each, and £1&M0 by loan, for the am-stmction of a tnfis andsr six miles of tramway In tha best pert of Southampton, wbic'i ha. also been con far *ha moderate sum. sa petasa go. of £3ifi60, and two aallee will shortly be ready for traffic, the eatira length, bv the terms of tbe contract, to be completed by the 3I.t of December next. Tramways have now taken rank amongst the mow profitable in-
sejonty already In pon the capital em-
barked in them, and t
will be rendered yet more remunerative by the adoption of imprvved methods of working. Of oourae, for the present; tbs Southampton tramways, like moat of the other*, will be worked by herea-power. and it matt be aatisfactory to tbe shareholder* to know that ample and lent (pace has been secured for th, .tabling of ileal horsing of tramways has
condition of success, a fact
blthertoMiutitutad ..........,__
"the shareholders appeal
w*e proposed as general manager, Mr
— -----------shareholder, tojk ths opportunity ot
asking whether that gentleman " was experienced in the management of bor*a*twth in health and •icknee*," and the Chairman (Mr 0/ T. Harper) was In a position to issnre tbe proprietor* that Mr Lanka*tee " had been the iwner of borsss for many years," and waa theroogbiy^ ionveleant with what was needed to keep them In isalth and condition; " but," added Mr Harper. ' »• shall not rely upon the experience of tha geheral nsnager alope; when tbe line it in working order a .-s ten nary Inspector wDl probably be appointed to take the lupsrrlsion of tbe horeea." But upon this qusstioa
e'tltae m^Su^MaMt, ?ZLdoM
f£T
eight of rails is Isid down to those wMsh the compear ave adopted—the rails being steel. 5@b. to the yard, 'bile the ordinary rail* used ere only 45ibe, and ar* iad* of iron. Mr Harper, too, i* not without much experience^ tramway operating, and be owas to the "of all known powers steam is the itrol. and he beiievee, when we ere In a — it, tbe (ucceat of tramway undertaking* will be tenfold what It is with horses." Mr T. H. Parrer, of the Board of Trade, it will be remembered, estimates
si?5»?3u. z:
1, say tha North Metropolitan Tramways, the gain
kss tzFtss.'SSrxi
opnetor* of tb* Southampton Tramway* have ebun-
nt testimony a* to tb* probable valus of their property even when worked by tbe utnal method. Mr Harper, th* Chairman. " has great faith m tha undsrtaklng, and w'11 o'titoately turn out to b* v*ry luccoeduL" Colonel Cochrane, MrRereeford Turner, end tbe reel of hi* coileaguee take a similar xlew of its future, and leok-: all Its surrounding, they may as wall do ao. The ation of Southampton, which at the last census wa. upon 51,000. has since oon.iderably Increased j while in the suburbs to bs served by tbe line extensive building opperations ere in pr-grese, and. not to mention " ' " of stranger* to tha town, the large passing to and from the railway, the dockt, and the floating-bridge, ran hardly fail
id shareholders who at wers exceedingly hopeful of an early profit the enterprise.
') itBERADT OF 1H« WBlCK - - BEUISTBH FOH 1876-77. -
iolrerdi and cleared outwards during the se>ne period
foreign. Had pivb .bly on board, apart from p^eager*. four millione of men and boys. In 1876 77 the namber of wrecks, casualties, and cotillions from a|l oausM.on and near the eossts of the United Kingdom, was I.MM. which number exceed* that of tbe previous year by 407. 511 easee out of this large number involved total loes. 50i end 472 representing tbe satfls class of aaUunWae > preceding year*. During the past twenty
years—from 1857 to 1878-77-tbe number of ihlpwrecki
.....
____ _ scks, casoaltiae, and
______ -eported as having occured on and near the
■ast*' c: 'the United Kingdom dunng the year 1876—77, e find that ths total comprised 5,017 vessels, end that le number of ships in 1878-77 is more tbsn tbs total 1875—78 by 463. Tbe number of ship reported la i excess of tbs oasualtiss reported because hi cases of r more ships are involved in one casual-y.
sre eollisioi-e. and 3,817 were thai* eotliiiona. Of these . — rreeha. Ac. resulting In total Ices. 901 were casualties resulting l» ssriou. ilarssgs, and > | were minor accidents. Tbe wheia number of k$ and caaoaltiee other than eolli.ton* on and near coasts reported during the year 1875-76 was 3.982.
the aggravate. Of the 4,164 t

iner that could not aghjha^hberality of
iiofunt tupply
ph Steven occupied the vii ippliod by host Hibbsrd In fail to give satufaction, whilst tlie Chairman and Vice-chain
of grog. Ac.,were placed on the ----
the cloth* removed, tb* Chairman gat Prince, and Prince** of Wale*, and rc*t ,.f tbe Koyal Pamily," which wa* most enthuia.ticly drank. —Letter, if apology were then read from .everal gentlemen, in-ludmg one from his Worship the Mayor (A. L. dcCalmont, Esq.), inclosing a guinea toward* th* Court, tldoman McCalmont and Atlatt, and Mr W. Purber. L P.— ' The Army, Navy, and Reierve Force*" wee lext given from tue chair, and euitably acknowledged by Corporal Long foe tbe Reserve forces— Br A. J. Dyer, propoeing " Tbe Clergy and MinUter* of all Denomi-tions" regretted there wai not a member of that body went to ret pond to tbe tenet. Of all the mlniiten in thla town, be was glad to say, it was tbs exception and not the rule to find ons who wai not a member of their Order (applauas). He mentioned that be. hlmialf, bad had the honour of Initiating the Be v. Canon Wilberforce and four other rev. gemlemm in on* evening, and al*o that the Bev. J. Boon wa* not only a member* but a Pwt Chief Banger and had attended as a delegate an H.M.C. thus (bowing that th* clsrgy and minister* took great Imerett In their welfare (applauas). Ths toast as most cordially drank.— The next toast was that of 'The Mayor and Corporation of Southampton." in proposing which, tbs Chairman said bs was sure that there not a member of that body who had not the weli-ig of their Order at heart (applau**). And denied that the Mayor was aa . active member of their Order. In dilating upon the good wuieh tster* accomplished, and to tbe good feeling whiclj lad between them, he referred to the fact that at the nt Quarterly District Meeting, they bad voted tbs earn of to thbir diitrened brother* in Monmouth-1.1offering from the officii of the Abercaiue explo-(app!ante).—The toait having been drank, the vice-rman gave " The Trade and Commerce of the Port" referred to the Improrement* which were about to tade at the Town Qaay as an illustration o( the in creasing trade of the Port. He also said In hopeful ■me that it would not be a very long time before the tindon, Marlborough, and Andover railway would be accompliahed fact (bear, bear),—The Chairman in iponding to tha toast, went back as far as fifty ago. when If was, be said, a rare thing
abip load of dealt or coals



rn. end had done as n
s equal in the thro
done for us the port would then Weed hsve It had been called, but nsvsr would be, tbs
The Ancient Older

A" He ipoks of the order ai

imopoliUn that could exltt, comprising as it did if people of all nations, rsligion, politics, trades, and profession., Ac., all unltsd togetbsrfor one gmndobject. In referring to tbe District, be said that he law that the Isle of Wight Courts had determined to form a district of their own. be trusted that tbsy would luoceed, but bo could not blip thinking but that they bad mads a grand mlitakf: He concluded by wiibiug the Order all tbe is it deserved.—Tbe toast having been drank, Br
8. 8. Pearce. treasurer of the district, (who bad just, then arrived) reiponded to the toast, thanking thsm for tbe kind manner In which It had been retired. In speaking to tbs delegates at the recent H.M.C., he said that one and all expressed their pleasure at ths kind and cordial reception which was accorded them when at Southampton eome time ago, and he was *ura that at soon as tbs nils allowed Southampton would be visitsd again (applause). He then gar* some statistics which showed that tha district waa lucrseaing bpth finsncislly snd numerically.—Mr A-J. Dyer, In pXeTSog tbe toast of the evening Success to Court ' Crauoory Park, aald the couH was an late reeling example of what could be done by men keeping together. Be remembered tbe
n the number reported d discuseioo. It i* curiou* to ooeerre uie age* if th* vessels which w*r* wrecked during the penod under cetnideration. Excluding foreign shipe end aolUaton cases. 221 wrecks and caeualtiee happened lo nearly new ihlp*. and 39tJto ship* from 8 to 7 re.re ef age. Then there are wreck* and caiuaitie* to 631 ships from 7 io '14 years old. and to 907 from 15 u> SO yeart old. Having passed the eervtoe of half a century ■re aome to tbe very old ships, vi*. 71 between 5J and * years aid. Mfrem60#a70.Mfraw70ta#0.9fresn JO to 80, and 5 from 90 to 100. while tbs sgee of 53 of Ihe trrecke are unknown. Amongst tbe lessee jo our masts in WM—77. sxcluding collisions. 443 wsre geamshipe. and 2.875 were aailing rsseals. Of the *JB4
57S5 a az SLJsn.5 .~V35« E.'s.'i-a.'iysr.sc:
totally lost, irrespective of collisions. 25 are known to have been built of iron ; and of this number, 23 were ■teamihipe and 2 Sailing veeeels. The localiuee of the wrec^etill excluding collisions, are thas given :-Kast joasta of Bngland and Scotland, 1,140; south coa.i. 630; west coast of England and Scotland, and coast of Ireland, 1,239; north coast of Scotland, 12); and otbsr parts. 159. Total, &31?. With reference to the collisions on and near our eoests dvnng tbs year 1876—77. 48 ol tbe 847 collisions were between two steamtbips both under way. irreepeetiye of numerous other such caaeo In our harbours and river* tbs particulars of which are not given in the Abstract. Ws cannot attach too much importance to theee facts, fox no disaster ,1 tea or io a river is often more awful In its oooMquancae than a collision, as has been too strikingly illustrated this year in the ca.es of the German ironclad Oroessr Korfur.t and the Thame* iteamer Pnncea* Alice. At regard* the loe* of lif*. the"Wreck Ab.tract *bow* that tbe number wa* 776 from the varioua shipwrecks rated during .1
. year 1876-77. Of the livee


muting veeeels. A. Of ths 192 ship* I rom wntco we no »ree were loet. 131 were British, Involving the loss of 459 livss, and 161 were foreign, catwmg the bee of 317 lives. Great aad noble work was accomplished daring iriod, 4.795 livss having bean saved from the
the esme gerled, Impogfant jier

tional Life-boat Institution plsytd a most important part, in conjunction with the Board ot Trade's rockst apparatu., which is aa efficiently, worksd br the Coastguard and our Volunteer drigaues. Asrerthsless, the aggregate lose of life is vsry largs, and so Is ths aggregate deitroctlon of property. The former is a species of wos inflicted on humanity ; tbe latter is practically a tax upon commerce. While the art of saving Ills on ths cosits is coderstood (tbanka to the progress of science—ihe esrneetness of men—and tbe stout bearta of our coast population), tbs art ef preeerving property Is as yst but Imperfectly known amongst u., snd still mors imperfectly practised. On reviewing the WVeek Register Abstract of the past year ws are bound to tako courage from ths many gratifying facts it reveals In regard to at ring life, which, after all. is our principal object In commenting on It. Noble work has been done and it doing, for that purpoee; and ii It not lometliing, amidst all thl. havoc of the »ea, to help to eave even one life, with all its hopes, and to keep the other wi.e deaolaie horns unclouded! To aid this merciful work we confidsntly appeal for support on behalf of Ibe National Life-boat Institution, whose noble life-saving fleet of 2(0 boats Is ever re*dy to hsstsn to ths succour of the shipwrecked sailotSin his most helpless and direst
SATURDAY. Novcxaca J. 1S S
A Rj-.m\bksbl« Com*. — Ths excsvatlona being carried on for sewerage purpo.ea have entered tbs sn. cient street of St. John in ths Soke, a street presumed to be a Roman road, and which waa evidently a the. ronghfare when St. John'e Church was built, for that edifice waa arranged an as to a Hit the road, so far back as the time of Richard I. at all events. The workmen in cutting the road near the old overhanging building on the eastern side of it came across, soms three feet from the surfacs of the centre, an Immense cutfet. or box. The lid, once supported by iron bars, waa broken Ihroogh before the "
coffin, and then ran to be an outer am tslnlng the skelet
va. taken, snd it was found coffin of msnive lead. eon. i person belifcved to be an The coffin was carefully dug
of solder and also of sny dec
i, when building thi
tsden coffins were fon
or sgs of the de-.rkable that some pnhlla houaa daeeby.
he7" circulating rn found which and critical ex-ilie Corporation,
I.,. .....____ paid for sickness during the year
£52 lis j widow and orphan's £42 0s 7d- Sevan years
supervision.
St. Swithix's ButDoa.—The three ancient srehes recently uncovered in the Scke, will shortly be sgsin covered, and thould they again be disinterred by suo-
By permrsiion of the Msyur ifton) this memorandum has been made, 578—Brought to light in excavating for
■ Vasb.—This cup, ths rswsrd of good he late annual priss meeting of the 1st iteers. was won by Private J. Philips, if 80 from bis 20 rounds at 200, 600, and
A* FoR-nrxouT's Oct-Bilii*. — The following igurea ahow how materially the expenditure ou out-elief decreases in the Winchester district:— '
Hants Volui
F*weaa relieved in tbe Decrease.
A^KtxDLT Sroavsxaw. - Mr. Tom Nevill, the kindly and eccentric M.S.H., of Hampshire Yams, be. longed to a school of which there are feen bunted for an hour or two. The famous pack of Hubsrts has been said, and in Hampshire

' Nerill, a» there cer-

&3SKK&-------

The inquest on the bodiee at.Ota 97 persona kiDod during the panic at the Colosseum Xnae.Hafl waa reanmad at Livarpool m the 25th mst. by Mr. Ckrka Aspinall, borough coroner. Arthur Slater, tha poliod constable, who waa firat on tha-aoaoa after the aod-dint, said ha was on duty in Pkradiae-street, when hi wa* told the CoUmnrm vu on fire. He ran to tha treat entrance, and there saw a k* of people jammed together in a heap. He began to poll eome of them ont, and -waa eoon assisted br other PoHceaen who came up. At that fame the door on the right of the central poet waa open, and that on the left dosed and bolted inside. The police pulled away this door and cat down the post with aa ax*, and then got the people out. The space at the bottom of the ghllery stairs waa full from floor to ceiling, and all he couid aee was » mase of lege and arms and heads. .'Wltneaa had been on the Paradise-street beat for two months,, and he never noticed that the stone staircase from tha gallery was open during that time, bat it had been open every night since the panic. Other officers also gave evidence as to the finding of the deceased and injured persona, and the coroner highly complimented Inspector Baggy, and all the police oOnaemsd. for the sennm they had rendered. Superintendent Copland.
the chief cause of eo many "deaths was the fact thai the barrier at the bottom of the gallery stairs was fixed,and one door fastened; that the service* Of a police officer should be granted in all phicee of pnblio entertainment when the proprietors desired; and that all idch places should be under tha control of the

R^UftlOUS PERSECUTION IN SPAIN.
A most outrageous case of priestly intolerance and persecution is reported, notwithstanding the article of the Spanish Constitution supposed to guarantee religious liberty. Mr. George S. Bea-Oliel is the minister of the Spanish Protestant Church at Alcoy, and bad a member of his congregation ilL The pariah
______v
left, Mr. Ben-Olisi insisting on his doing so. Eventually the priest returned, accompanied br a police officer, and ads mistered the extreme unction to the dying woman. After her death the body waa forcibly removed br the officer and the Babe Alcalde, and Interred In the Roman Catholic cemetery. A summons was then issued against Mr. Ben-Oliel for " impeding the free exercise of the public worship," and though witneeaee proved the woman to have remained a Protestant till her death, Ben-Oliel was sentenced to pay £60 fine and oosts, and three years and eight months' imprisonment. An appeal was however, successful in obtaining a reversion of the sentence of the lower court, and Mr. Ben-Oliel was sentenced to two months' imprisonment and to Jay half the costs, for " insult to the authoritiee." So Mr. Ben-Oliel waa put into a filthy prison, where he is tmahle to aleep, and is compelled to lie on a dirty old mattrmsa, not being allowed te furnish himself with a bed, a concession that is often usual with Spanish prisoners. He has to eat from the floor, to drink water from a loathsome jar, and is nearly destitute of light and air. • A representation to her Majesty's Secretary for Foreign Allaire has been made try the Council of the Evangelical Alliance. A deputation haa since beer, received the Foreign Office, and Sir Julian W.'Paunce/ote . i u.uj i.
Cmiaed that the prisoner shall be released. There been a great deal of indignant feeling in Spain itself in respect to this case.
There has just been completed at Widnea, in Lancashire, what is believed to be tha large*t covered reservoir in the kingdom. It has occupied two years and a half in construction, having been begun on the 16th of April, 1876. The total cost, including the mains attached to it, amounts to over £30,000. Widnoa is a manufacturing town of about 22,000 inhabitants, and tho water supply is under the control of the Local Board of Health. A vary large quantity of water ia required for manufacturing purposes. The supply is exclusively from wells, known as Stock's Well. Nether ley, and Belle Vale—the latter having only recently been purchased by the Local Board. The object of the now re*crvoir, which ia situated at I'ex Hill, is the storage of the water pumped at Nether ley 'and Stock's Well It is upon a lower level than the old reservoir adjoining it, the new ono being intended to supply the town and the lower parts of tbe district,
while the old one will be reserved for the hlgh& portions. Separate leading mains have been laid with this object in view. The water can be delivered into the now roaervoir direct from the engine pump*, or through the overflow from ths old one, as mar be noccaaary. The length of the reservoir is,330 feet; the width, 240 feet; the depth St time of overflow, 22 feet 3 inohsa. It will contain W,C0*,#00 IpOew of water when full; the old one held only 1,250,000 gallons. It is said that while this work has eoet £3 for every million gallons it will contain, tho averago cost throughout the country is £4 ar million
ROBBERY AT THE BAILORS' HOM&\
At the Thames Police-court, Frank Ben try, a young man, has been charged with , stealing a coat, a silk scarf, and a pipe, value £6 10a., the property of Charles Johnson, a seaman staying at tho Sailor*'
Home, Wells-street. At noon on Toeeday, the 8th inat., the prosecutor hung his coat, containing a pipe and silk scarf, against thejwall of the dormitory, and between six and seven o'clock the same evening he missed IL John Pidgeon, steward at the Home, warn apprised of the robbery, and wfot to Dormitory 98 occupied by the prisoner, where he found that some perforated zinc between the two man'a cabins had been cut away, leaving an aperture large enough for a porson to Insert an arm through and purloin the coat. On the following morning the steward went to make the prisoner's bod, and found several pieces of paper. While looking at them.the prosecutor entered and identified them as being in his coat at the time he lost it. " Ths prisoner left the Home on the 8th without giving the usual notice or paying his bill. On Thursday, tho 24th, he called at the Home to get an advance note cashed, and was given into custody. On being charged he snid he did cut the tine, and pulled the coat through-. His mete gavo the "coat to a girl named Rosy", and she pledged it The prisoner now pleaded guilty, and Mr. Lushingtoq sentenced him to six months' hard labour.
Sia' Hbxht Tiron*sow axn tkb Em-xao* Nsro-itox.—Sir HenTy Thompson, in some remarks which ' he made a short time ago in connoction with tho Midland Medical Society at Birmingham, said Mr. Gam gee's allusion to one subject (the death of tho Emperor Napoleon) was the only one upon which he (Sir Henry) must not utter a word. He aonpoeed they all valued, as one of the highest qualities of their profession, the utter impossibility of any One being able to get out of them that which had been committed to their care. It was utterly impossible for him to reply to the innuendoa which one found in journals and abroad. With regard to the case to which Mr. Gam gee had referred, if it was the case of Smith, Brown, or Jones, they knew he should not speak about it for the world; and how oould he about that case ? But the time would come—and he should demand that time—for thoee charged with making known what waa to be known about the case, to do so. After all. it waa a plain, straightforward case,
such aa they and he *aw fa the hospital every month or two; but the.pontics of the personage made it ao much more fatemtisg. When the time did come— and it would coma one of theee daye—he should Insist that all the particulars of the case should be mad* ■ known, and he should not flinch from any verdia* which his profeesional brethren might give. He waa ready to wrest any reputation he might have upon ever-'hing be did m that case, and he might ***** to *- in connection therewith, that he did n«* look back wiUi regret upon anything he counaellsd or did, and thatho should be able to prove when tho
i *%r*three things moat difficult are to keep a, ■ secret, to forget an injury; and to make goad use of
^SSaootnun wot tkb Woaip.—Happy are they ;
S&2H i-
melodious, K> tender and touching fa the evening eg
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