Persistent identifier:
00660477
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"Vl.
THM 80CTHAMKP0N OBSERVER j^) WDdOaMftR 13. 16T8.
IMFKSL1L PARLIAMENT.1
''in the House of Common*, Sir TJ. Kay-Shuttle-,.ith ailed attention to the sUte of local gov era-^ md taxation In London, and to th# nacWty e*
msmessm
,-iesof resolutions setting forth—1. That the pre-y.\ dale of local government in Ixmdon wu un-pinfactory, and called for reform; 2. That the wholo
IlK conditions were not fnlfllled under the present ,r>:rm of administration; 4. That the ancient Cor-
Municipality for London; and 6. That thi» reform Awld bo undertaken by her Majesty's Government
pt'iBmait in tho metropolis should take wm the rt|Upo of new municipal bodis* outaido tho ancient forpsrstion of the City, and not the extend on of the Hn- Corporation UytWeekof the metropolis.- If th* ppc«l{ carriedbnt It would not r<-
i-ra. bat detenr, the local' goVehiment ol Xond6n.
_ hich body he i* the Chaihnan. In the debate tbich followed Lord Elchocommented on the disad-nntage* of the divided Gofefnment of London, which Jlr. Btanafeld condemned aa chaotic. Mr. Croee admitted that there ware great faulta in the government .-! London, bat the City objected to the creation of proposed municipality, and while to many "
> when the City should
__ thought the time had a no longer be isolated from the great it lthought .that her Majesty's Government were best rnsullm* ths interests of the ootintry, and promoting tho settlement of the question, by taking the simple line they had dona, and which they 'still t-dhered- to. The Report of the Budget resolutions led to some Mate, and, at the instance of Sir C. Dilke, a division was taken sgainat Ih*. resolution Increasing the tobacco duty, which, however, was affirmed by 100
In the House of Lords on Monday^ Lord Bcacons-(dd moved an Address to tho Queen thanking her 1x her Message relating to the calling put of th# Mtrve forces. Lord Granvillaexpressed a hope that s&at ww yropo**d. W done would not kad to fther Crimean war. . Lord Derby explained ths ruons of his retirement from tho Government. Ho tried that the calling out of tho reserves was" either z sole or the nriodpal cauae. Ha had dlmpproved (i iha Yote of Credit, and ha objaotad to railing out !:? roserwd* because bo did not thiqk that an emcr-Mcy had arrived to justify such a step, or that dip-! s-icy had been quite exhausted. The Lord Chancer, replying to the speech of lord Derby, said that l>.' noble Earl must know that tho proposed armament *.« only sufficient to placo this country in the position L-. «hich it would have stood before the recent army
oll.r) believed, if it had been heldj might have done r-"t.iial service in the settlement of this question. Wuh regard to the Treaty of Ban Stefano, he con-Unied that tho view taken of it by her Majesty's Gw imment was consonant with that of tho large ma-i'«ity of tho English people and of the populations of kipipe. Lord Selborne regarded lord Derby's sever-ar.i • from the Cabinet as an evidence that there was a r. .1 peril in the present situation. Lord Carnarvon did r. think that Russia would submit to havo tho whola Tn ity of San Stefano annulled. Lord Houghton np-r 'ed of the course taken by tho Government. The J! [uisof Salisbury did not agree with those whi 11 ght (here oouln b* no good government of tho Turkish provinces except that of Itussia. After the war ,-Ioecd neutrality ceased; but it was never sup-!>•<•! that such a Treaty as that of San Stefano would l* c ntraetodt and her Majesty's Government who had w iit.-d in loyal good' faith .for the Congress were re lc.Untly compelled to take tho attitude .they had iu- .mod with regard to the proposed assembly. The sj-.tvh of Lord Derby that evening was tho most re murkablo be had ever beard frtfm a Cabinet Minister, Whilst many of his noble friend's statements w«
tb- Address vras agreed to, and tho H,
at . hula before One o'clock;
In the House of Commons, the-Message from the Or,wn announcing her Majesty's intention to call ou: thb Reserve I oroee having been read, tho Chancellor of tbe Ktcheq'uer fose* amid cheers, to move an ud'lrcas to tho Queen, thanking her for her gracious communication. The right hon. gentleman remarked that, in taking this step, it was not intended to alarm the country br leading ;t to iuppoee that the emerge: ry was such as might arise at a moment of national peril. At the same time the emergency was of such a character as rendered it necremary that the army should he put upon a footing that would admit of ita service* being used without delay in the event of their being required, and tho measure* contemplated were similar to and in the same spirit aa the measures announced when the Vote of Credit was proposed. Be trusted that no suoh necessity would arise, and' that the spirit manifested by the country in the
multiply occasion *de of tho House and the oth held that It was not the business of England k
defend their rights and libertie*, it embark in a contest on their behalf. In conclusion, the noble Marquis appealed to Sir W. Lawdon to withdraw bis '«ill-adnsod" amendment. Lord Elcho having asked whether the Government had, received the reply of Prince Gortschakoff to the Balis bur}-Circular, a copy, of which had appeared in one of tho dallv papers that evening. The Chancellor of thd Exchequer replied that no such despatch had jei reached the Government. The right hon. gentleman then proceeded to wfnd up the debate by declaring that ft was erroneous to represent that- the various step* which had been taken by ■Ministers were Intended, or were likely to precipitate war. It would, of course, be childish to my that the Government did not recognise the possibility of war: but they did not
best means of averting that danger. The insinuation that the Government desired to humiliate Russia tho
t, . Ibsy-wodld**hav. to B^htUall,that
amendment, the House went to a division, and negatived the amendment by three hundred and nineteen «*ty-four. or a majority of two hundred and fifty-
gZh kJZL
th» amendment of which he had given notice, and the adlrees was agreed to ***. WW.'
THE FAMINE D? CHINA.
districts, which tell a pitiable tale of the sufferings of the native*/ The Rev. T. Richard writes from Tai Yuen Fu, me provincial capital of Shansi, whither he has gone to distribute relief, that the distress exceeds anything witnessed last year in Shantung. V I have been for a week (he says) in the country to visit th# suffering village* around Tai YuenEu. Jn one village I was told that nearly half the people were dead; this wu an exaggeration, but I -have the name of one family wheat only two remain out of sixteen; the rest are dead, or have bean eold, or have fled. In another family there remain three out of eight, while In a third out of four none remain. As usual, I saw some dead on the road. 'J was told tha'dead wore in their houses nnburitd. I went to see some. In one house there were three brothers, colliers. One of the three had died 20 days before, and for want of anything better was put in two deep narrow earthen jars, lying on the ground facing each other. Three days ago the elder brother died, but as-there was nothing left that would cover himyhe was placed on the bare ground heeida the two jars. The third brother waa on a bed, "too ■woak to go to work. In another house I saw a man and his wife, who had been dead from fifteen to twenty day*. I divided what money I had to have the dead buried. When this was known others came and begged me to go and see the dead in their houses. I had to hasten away, for' it is cruel to allow them to gather and raise fafte hopes." Mr. Rfchard fcoei on to say that there is every Treason to fear that tho famine will be prolonged beyond whst was' at first anticipated. Tho wheat Crop, which is generally gathered in, sj»4t. the beginning of June, will this year be altogether wanting. In the meantime food has reached a price four time* a* high as that at which it is ordinarily sold, but a largo supply is continually pouring in, aa there is sufficient money in the district to make it worth while for native corn merchanta to exert them-eelve* to tho utmost to bring grain from Tientsin and other districts, where St is to be had in any quantify. "Ckrt. com. aqd go by hundred^" Mr. BkAA write*, " and camels by thousands, laden with tho priceless grain." Other letters from Shanghai stato that funds for relief are being liberally contributed by foreign resident* at the treaty post* ol China and ih Japan. At the time tho mail left the Bar. di Hill, of ths Wesloyan Mission, Hankow, and Mr Tome
FIBS AT A LPKATIQ ASYLUM.
On the evening of the 4th inst, shortly after (even o clock, a fire was discovered to haVe broken out on the premise* at Hatton Lunatic Asylum, near Warwick. Information was immediately conveyed to Warwick and Leamington, and naturally caused general excitement, the county asylum being known to contain between six and seven hundred inmates.: The county fire engine at Warwick, and the borough steam Are engine, together with the Leamington fire engine, were immediately despatched; and arrived successively between eight and nine. Tho fire, according to the mrmingk*m JW, was found to have broken out in a detached portion of the building, In £ room known as the foul linen house. Jiwing to the presence of several portable engine* 5n the premises the fire was kept in check until tho arrival of assistance from Warwick and other place*. Tho county fire engine was not In a condition to be used, but the Warwick Borough steam-engine played with great force, and soon subdued the flame*. The origin of'the Are Is not known, but as the engine-house kin the same building possibly it was caused by some of the fire. The roof of the linen-houses was burnt through, and also that of the adjoining laundry. Tho amount of damage dono will possibly be a few hune dreds. The inmates were in no way endangered, the wards and sleeping.room* being entirely separate from .the burning part* of the asylum. Every effort was [ made to render assistance. Mr. Anderson, governor of the county gaol, and Messrs. Nunn and Bollock, surgeons, at Warwick, hastened to the asylum, with tho view of assisting the asylum medical staff if neoea-sary. A detachment of forty men of the first Warwick Militia waa told off for the same purpose. Fortunately their service* were not required. Inspector Yardler. of the county force, was alao soon on tho ipot with several constable*, preserving ordi " utoodm* Fre,*-"— -« "
T»phed for, aa •xungulshed.
ASSAULT ON A VOCALIST.
Elizabeth Vita, 19^were charged before Mr. Newton with assaulting Mr. Tom CleUand, yocalist, of No. 7, Fortess-terrace, Junction-road, Kentish-town. Mr. (Holland said that while in St. Martin's-lane the previous night with two friends, on his way home, he was struck by a man who waa in company of the prisoners, but was not in court, and cm [turning round to ask for an explanation he was struck and kicked by the prisoners and their companions, and be then gave them into custody. Mr. Wm. Penley and Mr. Tno*. Hut-ton, two fnends of the complainant, corroborated his
t„ —-t- »„ . (v. ——
tothopm md his witoeeee*. said that.no '* "ad that they
re,tha_


in-arm and pushing again, ,
In {reply to Mr. Newton, tho assistant gaoler (Vino) said two of the prisoners had I " "------ *
street*. Mr. Newt or two months' hard labour each.
Detective O'Dea, w )ea said that, although the femi ahe had been several years on t


In the. Exchequer Division, bofore Baron Huddle-ston and a common jury, an action for breach of premise to marry, Marks c. Wartaky, has been tried. Mr. Nasmyth appeared for tho plaintiff, and the defendant -war unrepreeepted and did not a plaintiff lived with her mother in Finsburv-square, and was employed as assistant, and tho defendant was a commercial traveller in the jeweller? trade. Both parties were members of tho Jewish persuasion. Tho plaintiff alleged that tho defendant formed her acquaintance at a friend's house, and in April, 1874, obtained her own and'her mother's consent to marry her in about ten months. According to ..the custom of her persuasion; the defendant gave her a gold locket as a betrothal preeent, and meet tkk «p**g*m*t'dn*hy, post. Ho kissed her mother and minted her as hi*-mother, and the members of the respective families ar. , **v*lntrodmcad to cach other. LeUmmwemremivmd
n othor n#lghbooihood&
At Greenwich Tolico-court on Monday,' fijmuel Seaward, aged 24, of London-road, Thornton-heath, Crovdon, described as a carrier, was charged with as naulthig Mr. Henry S. Bellman, residing.at Herschell-torrace, Brockley-road, Forest-hill, whilst travelling in a train on the London and Brighton Railway. It appeared that theoomplainaut and twaother men and three women were travelling in a compartment of a third-class carriage from-London-bridge .Station to Croydon, it being after midnight of Saturday last. At tho farther compartment thaw w*# nW other young men, who were not only smoking in a non-smokers' eamago, Wt ware engaged in card-playing and using profane language. Ihey were expostulated with, o
. - rjtJ:. _
complaint was made to the guard, and thoee who were smoking were ordered to leave the carriage and get into "a carriage for smokers, but thi* they refused to do. After leaving Now-cro*s conduct became worse, and on complainant leav-
stoppage there the three women were removed placed in another carriage, and on the platform a disturbance and fighting took,place, causing a delay of ten minutes to the train. Thei prisoner mid that there waa a free fight, and. although he admitted striking complainant, he mid that some other person had first struck hies (complainant). Mr. Balguv said in order that persons who used third-das* carriage* should be protected, he should not impose a fine, but should pas* a sentence which the prisoner might deem severe, via., imprisonment for six weeks.
i PROBATE SUIT.
. would continue to the end. Mr. Glad •stone ebserrsd that it wa* not his intention either to pre pose an amendment or to support those of which Sir W. Lawson and Sir G. Ounphell had given notice. Sir W. Lawson moved to amend the resolution by adding «A expression of regret that the Government had advised the calling out of the reserves, no great emergency having been shown to exist, and the embodiment of th* reserves being neither prudent in the interest* of peace, necessary for the safety of the country, nor warranted by the state of affairs abroad. After a long discission on the motion of Mr. E. Jenkins, the debate wa* then adjourned until the following day. •_■
In the House of Lord* on Tuesday several Bill* were advanced a stag*. . W'' ■
In the House of Common* the debate in reply to fhe Queen's Message we* re*umed by Mr.% Jenkins, who demanded fuller information aa to the manner in which British interest* were affe*tod by the Treaty of San Stefano. Mr. Uanbury aaidfco onb could read the Treaty of Ban Stefsno without coming to the oonclu-*ion that, as concerns ths Christian* In Bulgaria, they would only experience a change of master*, while the other stipulations were pregnant with matter for future intrigue. Mr. Chamberlain asked the Govenj-
■tone * speech on ths previous evening as one more suited to the atmosphere of St. Petersburg than the
' =pon »hsca to declare what were to be the i of the war. Mr. Dillwyn spoke in support of leodmeat. 81* O. Bowysr was of opinion that fhe Government had exercised a wise discretion in not entering the Congress. Sir C. Dilke protested
fidered the peliey of the former wa* European In its

EOBBEET FROM THE EARL OF DENBIGH.
At tho Central Criminal Court on Monday, Thorns* Evan*, 22, French poliaher, was indicted for stealing a dispatch-box, and four £6 Bank of England note*, an antique ring, and other article*, the property of the Earl cf Denbigh. Mr. A. B. Kelly prc% yutod, and Mr. "Warner Sleigh defended the prisoner. On the 17th of January, the noble earl alighted/rom hi* brougham in the Strand for the purpoee ot calling at the snop of a tradesman, leaving his dispatch-box, containing tho articlea in question, oo the seat. When he returned the box and ita contents had disappeared, and on the following morning all tho note* were changed at a public-house in Back-lane, the prisoner being present when two «f the note* were so changed In addition to this it appeared that when the prison*] wa* taken into custody by Boy ell and Allison, two da*a**vee of the E division, he said ho waa very sorry that he had had anything to do with the robbery, and told the officers that all the document* in the box Were burnt and the ring,broken updirectly after the robbery had been committed. The jtry retired to deliberate upon their verdict, and, a/tar a *hort time, they found the prisoner .Guilty. Herbert Reev**, late session* warder, proved three previous conviction*, and the prisoner wa* s*nt*#ced to seven years' petal servi tude and five years' police supervision.
Turn Cxxal Boat* Act.—The rules and regulations for carrying out thl* Act wsre laid upon the table of the House of Commons a few might* since, where they'will have to lay for forty day* before they can be
Th^Tobacco Dm as—Sir Charles Dilke ha* givtn nolle* that on the eooond reading of the Customs and Inland lie venue BUI he will move, " That this Hous* regretf lhat it *hould be proposed to raim
that th*#tobaceo commonly consumed by the poor is
On the 6th inst. the case of Atkin and Atkin again, Iyer, in which the will of a young lady of consider ble independent means was disputed on the ground of mental incapacity and undue influence, wa* concluded >efore a common jury. Mr. Willis, Q.O., and Mr. ittle appeared fortheplaintiffs; Mr. J. A. Inderwick i.C., and Mr. R. A. Bayford for* the defendant. The i<«tatrix, Miss Sarah Mary Atkin, of Bancroft-redd, Mile-end, died on the 8th of July in last year, at th. ge of 31 year*, having on the previous day executes . will leaving the whole of her property to the family f the Dyere, with whom she had lived for some years, ,nd with whom she was living at the time of her death. The will wa* but three line* in length, and *x< in such a hurry that their warn (me copy, an written out and executed immediately in view of her death. She waa then sinking fast from an acute attack rrhtua, and it i* alleged by the plaintiffs that influence had been exercised in procuring this . >y guiding the testatrix's,hands and other act*. The jury found on all issuee for tho defendant, where-pon the President pronounced for the will, with an rder for cost* against the unsuceasful party to the
A young man, who gave the
W faM* tan. y, was brought
Mr. Yaughan at Bow-street on Taeeday by Inspector Raid, of the Charing-crom station, under the following circumstance*It wa* stated that the defendant arrived by train from Dover that morning shortly before nine o'clock, and on leaving the railway carriage, in which he had been behaving in a most eccentric way, he scattered gold and silver about tho plitform, shouted in an excited manner, and mid he was worth a million of money. The Inspector gathered up the coins and returned them to the pri- j-eoner, who purchased two newspaper* at the book- *?■< ■tall, refa*ed the change, and threw hi*] puree among " the crowd. It was thought desirable to call a police-constable, who conveyed him to the polioe-stalii '
sent for Dr. Mills, the divisional surgeon,' iv-____.1 >«_ _:-j r>_ u:n. a
of his mind, the defendant made a numb* its, asserting that he
Mills deposed that ot incongruous state?
_ . ^____worth a million of
francs, and was about to ride all over Europe on horseback. He also said that he was a confectioner, and very clover in hi* bu*ine*s. He did not appear to be under the influence of drink, and- could not speak English. Wltneas lielieved him to bo insane. The defendant wa* asked through the interpreter, M. Albert, to explain hi* conduct, and he replied that all that he had said was true, and he/intended to go over ~ ibatk. Ho mid that hi* parent* were ---the proprietress of the
ind that hi* r


Hotel do Sa' ------ r...
had a partner In America, who---------- - —-
Crystfl Palace, and be was going to make a'grend hit at tho Alexandra Palace. Ho had many friend* In. London, but did not know where they lived. He aooounted for a broken *tick In hi* possession by saying " This is the'day of revenge between France and Germany, and Italy goes with France: I met a lot of Gerald officer* at Mstx, and one of them said, f No French spoken here,' and I gave hira.a crack on tho head, which broke the stick." Mr Taughan requested M. Albert to write to the' friend* of d*fen-
OBSTRnCTING THE JURY SYSTEM. • At the Court of Common Plea* on Monday a juryman produced a letter from hi* employers, which stated that if. he were detained in court hi* services would be no longer required. Upon this being brought to the notice of his lordship, he directed that the juryman and hie employer should be required to attend, and they were accordingly preeent on Tuesday morning. Mr. Elliot Emanuel; the employer, In answer to dueetions from the Bench, said that he eigned the letter. They were several hands short, it wa* their busy time, and if their_ clerk had been detained in court, they must have got some one to fill his place; they could not get any one to come for a very short time, andwhoever they to employed they would.hav, to retain. If the clerk were detained only for a fe* day* it would not matter, but they thought that hi might be kepy for weeks. Mr. Justice Lindley: You wrote that letter to be shown to the officer of the Court, through him to the Judge. It says that th« •'juryman is our clerk and collector, and if ho ii detained in court, his service* will be no longer required, a* wo shall be obliged to fill tho vacancj Caused by his absence." That wa* a threat to discharge him if h* did what it wa* hi* bounden duty U do,'and it wa* a very berioirs matter. He was mot sure that he ought not to placo the letter in the hand: of the Attorney-Geneml and request him to deal with It; and then the writer would find that it was a mud more serious offence than ho probably now thought. Mr. Emanuel assured his lordship that the meaning now placed upon the letter wa* not intended. Mr. Justice Lindley: It was an intensely selfish thing to require their clerk to neglect hi* public duly, which would thus have to be thrown upon some one else. If this sort of thing should continue, the judge* would have to direct serious attention to it.- If, however, it was said that nothing of the kind supposed wa* intended, and regret wa* expreased for having writtci
In the Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice, Sir Robert PhiUimore gave judgment on Saturday last in the caae of Dixon r. Burrell, which a* *n action brought by the contractor for bringing ' Cleopatra s Needle from Egypt to England against he owner* and crew of tho screw steamer Fitxmauriee a ascertain the amount of salvage remuneration which should be paid for the recent services of the defendant* In the Bay of Bimay. Sir Bob** PkOBmom, In giving judgment, said tho ingredient* of a salvage service re—firstly, the enterprise of the salvors, to go out in* tompeeto and on o*h«r oomdonu, rieklmg *hd, n live* to save life and property of their fellow sob-La ; secondly, the position of the salvod property at time it was found—that i*, whether it waa in immediate peril; thirdly, the amount of labour which wa* expended by the salvor* ; and, lastly, the value of th* property mlved. The pecnltar character of the preperty mlved In the pre—nl ewe presented eome dimcuby In the uppHmtkm o( Ih* laaf of *hce# el*, menla. In ordinary case* the marketable value waa ea*ily aaccrtained; it was estimated and apmaiwed by skilled■ persons. It could not be even said that the pwpert; before the Court warn not markWable pro-perty, inasmuch ai it was stated in tho affida<
Burrell tBat the city of Glasgow and other cit bo glad to pay large sum* for *uch objects #part from tho consideration of thf value of the obelisk, it wa* undo antiquity. It would be as absurd to Of the obelisk only depended' upon the \
piece of granite as much as to estimate th<
Michael Angelo according to the value of *— -rhlch tho painting was depicted. So, aftei into consideration all the circumstances con-with the present obelisk, he fixed the price at £25,000. The obelisk had been recovered under drew if great peril, and if the Cleopatra had ft iii her demect state she would certainly nk, which waa an element to be considered In addition to the peril caused to other ship* if they had oome into confrict with her. He considered that, under the whole of the circumstance*, salvage Remuneration of £2,(^00 should bo paid to the defen-
indoubtedly of great
Admiral Era kino, late M.P. for- Stirlingshire, has, it the request of the Committee of the Aborigine*' Protection Society, drawn up a special memorandum subject of the trial ana execution of a native of by order of tho commander of H.^LS. Beagle. Tho Admiral, in protesting against the proceedings adopted in this c»~?, asks whether the First Lord of the Admiralty " will submit to have her Majesty'* ships turned into travelling gibbet*, and their commander* looked em a* the mere instrument* of revenge." He also calls Attention to the destruction of the live* of innocent person* on the island which took place in the effort to capture the murderer of East-brook, and animadvert* upon the fact that although the'native was executed within the jurisdiction of Sir Arthur Gordon, Governor of Fiji and High Commissioner in the Pacific, he was apparently not consulted with reference to it. Admiral Erskine is further of opinion that unless some new and *ati*factory regulations are^made " the influence of ships of war ae peace maker* and prelector* of the native race* of the Pacific Islands is irretrievably gone." This memoranda having been forwarded by the Aborigine*' Protect!, Society to th* Lord* of the Admiralty, Admiral Robert Hall, m acknowledging'1-----* * ,k-------
SEWEB OASES.
nuoxnwAKT Caem or Daowxwo.—The body of a lady, aged between twenty and twenty-five, ha* been found in the river It well, Manchester. She was exceedingly well dressed in silk, and wore a sealskin jacket; has four dress rings and a wedding ring on her hand, and in her puree was a gentleman s addre** card. " W. T. Robinson, Northumberland Houss, Hull." She had dark brown hair, and wa* about five feet high. An inquest wa* held on th* body in the course ot the day, and an open verdict wa* returned.
Tub Rboistiutiow or Dbaths—A deputation of delegatas from various friendly societies nave waited on the Registrar-General at Somerset House, and represented to him the practice of registrar* of death* distributing blank form* of certificate* to agent* and collectors of friendly societies and others, and urged that the practjce should be discontinued, on tho ground that it opened the door to fraud by offering to unprincipled persons the temptation to forgo certificates of death, in order to obtain payment from friendly societies. The Registrar-General mid he would take the matter into consideration, and issue instructions to the registrars throughout tho country.
Tbstixoxui. to > Kailwat OrnciAU—At a dinner held at the Cannon-street Hotel, at which Mr. John1 Shaw, the manager and secretary of the South Eastern Railway, presided, and most of the principal officer* and a few private friend* were present, a testimonial which had teen subscribed for by the officers and staff generally, and which consisted of a Collard's piano, and gold watch and chain, was presented by the chairman to Mr. Cockbum (late superintendent), as a mark of the esteem and regard in which hs had been held during his long connection with ths company, and with the best wishes of the subscribers for his success In his njw undertaking. Mr. Cockbum acknowledged tho compliment and very substantial gift in a suitable
Dbath or a Paiseaaa.—Dr. Thcma* ha* held an Inquest at ths House of Correction, C3srkenwall, upon the body of Walter Smith, aged 16. The evidence ehowed that the deceased was sentenced at the March sessions of ths Central Criminal Court to a month'* imprisonment, and after that to be detained in a reformatory for three years, having been found Guilty with two others of being on enclosed premise* for an unlawful purpose. On Friday, the 29th ult^he was noticed to be ill, and was put into ths infirmary, where
tra: &
the medical officer, said death waa caused by a fit of ej^lepej.^The jury returned a verdict of Death from
Tkb Pao roe id Siena Rmrw.—a -toeetingof
I DESTBUCrfTE flBE IN THE CITY.
A&wam fdeck on Tueeday morning a deetmcll fire broke out on the premises of Messrs. Nairn and Co., lit}oleum and floorcloth manufacturers, Alder*-gate-street, City. The building* In question were 120 feet by-<0-feet, ground floor oply, and were used as warehouace, the manufactory being in Scotland. An alarm wm raised at the hour named, when smoke was observed issuing through tho gateway leading to the premi**, and the inmate* of .the adjoining tavern having been aroneed, the engine* wee at once **nt for, and rapidly arrived. The stock-in-trade being of an inflammable nature, tho fire spread with alarming rapidity, and quickly laid hold of the roof of Alders-gate-street Railway-station, which is only divided from Messrs. Nairn* by a building called the London and County Bank. Captain Shaw, who wa* promptly on tho scene, turned his attention to the surrounding houses, as It was apparent from tho first that the manufactory was doomed; and being assisted by Mr. Superintendent Foeter, and a Urge body of polke, who had no little difficulty in keeping the immense crowd in check, tho effort* of tho firemen were rewarded in about two hours in extinguishing the flames, but dot until the whole of Messrs. Nairn's pre-_i ' -ere entirely destroyed.
..........>f the railway station is
burnt, and a portion of tho platform; also the backs of a numbcrof nouses in Carthusian-street. The traffic
Aldorsgate-street *
ligned fur the disaster.

Under the auspiccs of the London Associatii Foremen Engineers and Draughtsmen, a papei read on Saturday evening last, at the (Sty Ten Hotel, by Mr. W. Green hill, " On Sewer Oases and the Simple Means of Averting their Dangers." Mr. J. Newton, C.E., presided. The lecturer mid that with sewer gas came its inevitable attendant, i . disposition to disease: the frequency of diarrhoea, bronchitis, typhoid and enteric fever, with other maladies caused by inhaling sewer gas wa* indis-putabla. The recent IHneee and mortality In Boyal ! residences and Government offices pointed to the con-clumonthateewer gas passes more or km all trap*; moreover, he had no doubt that a more minute examination in each instance would have proved that the soil pipe* wore defective. The latest methods of treating sewers were absurd, for while matter wa* put under ground to prevent it* diffusion, means were positively provided for its diffusion by ventilation, to houee roof* In meet gaem, whence it deecended chimney* more or less, and mostly during the night. A diagram wa* exhibited, on which was represented part of a soil pipe with valvs pipe attached, and the valve acted each time the cloeet apparatus was used; the trap wa* formed with the least area, thereby re-' ' ; iU evaporation to a minimum. Tho soil plate no ventilation. Waste pipes from baths might •ertod. A defect at any part throughout its length would not cause any escape of sewer air into the house, no sewer air being admitted to the pipe. At the conclusion of the reading of the paper a veto of thank* was accorded Mr. Green hill.
A frightful accident ha* occurred in the Commercial
VIT ABD EUMOUB.
spoke just like the very moral of Master! Ova owa Misootxist.—One Profession ww i are not likely to invade—the Church. They giving, to taking, Orders.
i Sultak's Can ma (ox th» Omixn Dcxi'i Visit).—" Sweets to the suite."
iiiv.)—" Hanging goee by favour," ,
Ixtbrbsttso Pnonum.—(On shore at Besika Bay.)
•Bluejacket (landed over hi* nag'* head—to the horn).—Well, thl* i* all very well fof ***, shipmct; but how tho-rMsa*M*m*—are you going to get over?
Tub Lo'vxa Wiix or Lrnnavraa.—Housemaid (to jaded Uieriry Man, who has jdst finished a hard
f " ***%.—On, If you're not busy, sir, would yon rmncLjust looking over my harticle for tho f*mly
A Tanv Oon Foac*.—firtl Malaprop, during tbe late hard weather, wa* heard to inquire whether the cold wa* in any way supposed to be bocaaloncd by positive, *B*#&Mv*eocenBicityf .
Ra-CMiasTXxto.—Ireland, under'it* new Chief Secretary: Lowther Arcadia.,.
Tub. Eastxu(n) Qcxsnos.—Who'll win the beat-
„ * * (from jujf.)
For Mr. Actbrcw Hbxbsrt.—Good grounds for a difference of opinion on political matters—Tho grasslands in Hyde Park.
Faox tub Flbbt.—Hard lines for the Russians.
"The linos of G alii poll, as they will find if they advance in that direction while the British iionclads are in tho neighbourhood. - _
"DocBTfUL CacxB*. —Scone, a drawing-room in May fair; time, morning calling time.—Ilostoa* (to diffident young gentleman caller): Prey, make yourself quite at home, Mr. Smallbore.—Mr. Smallbore (diffidently): A—a—ttaranks.—Hostess {with emphasis) : Yea, you *ee I'm at home myself, and truA
Conside&atr. — Voung Precious : I shall never marry, ma, dear.—Mamma: Marry, dear—what do you moan ?—Y. P.: You know,-1 couldn't stand your being a mother-in-law.
From a Lboal Poe** or Ynw.—Advice to persons about to marry. Six and eightpence.
Rial Talxxt.—Sarah Ann: Oh, ain't my brother a clever boy, Elixa- JanoF. He's on'y bin to school two months, an' ho's got the catochism.—Eliza Jane: Wot's that! Why, my brother's on'y bin to school two weeksjan' bo's got the moasles!
(From funny telkt.)
"H. M.'s Larobsi Scbjkct."—Tho pence or war
&OBXSHIRX CxjorrBALs. — The Halifax Debating Club has Issued a circular announcing that it is intended " to have a dinner of the member*."
Particular to a Shads.—-Office Page: Please, Sir, was the money you give me for yer. lunch a
„ _ iband: Wa* the Ladice'
Club lively to-night,dear ?—Wife: No; awfully dull. Every member was preeent, and ot course erne can't ipeak of people before their faces. So*-iM had nttkiny
The Lick-her Question.—Shall a man be allowed to whip his wife t
Why is the road of transgressors so hard ?—Bo-cause it Is so much travelled.
What kind of rico is easily cultivated in any country on earth P—Avanw.
What is the grandest verse in existence ?—The
A cynical lady, rather inclined to flirt, says most men are like a cold—Wry easily caught, but very dimcuittogaddof.
A young man w^okeepeacollectbo of locka.o* hair - of hi* lady fnenda calls them hi* hairbrcath
W^hen doe* a oovr change places with h* keeper ?— Whro she bellows—for then the is a cow atari (oow
INDIA AND ENGLAND. , The East India Association, having reached its decade, has issued an address to the prince* and chief* of India calling attention to the faot that the action of the association and tha m tension o* It* Infinence havo been checked by its having no permanent place of residence Where the friends of India can meet in any considerable numbers to discus* the many and increasing subject* In which India and England are mutually interested. To provide a suitable and permanent local habitation on a convenient site—that is, in tho vacinity of the House* of Parliament—where members of both houses could conveniently attend, end to increase the efficiency of the association, weald demand an outlay of not lee* than £20,000. This suns, it is hoped, will be subscribed by the powerful and wealthv princes and chiefs of India, who are aware that India stands in the greatest need of such a channel of communicating the wishes of its psopln. There is good reason to believe that the various rulers and nobles for India, many of whom have liberally aided the" East India Association, will provide tho means to erect the proposed hall in a worthy manner.
THE FATAL ACCIDENT AT FABBINODON. STB5ET 6TATIQM.
Dr. Hardwieks held an Inquest on Tussdsy evsntng at the Cterkenwell Coroner's Court as to ths death of EmOy Susanna Whoatoroft, aged 65, of 18, Berkeley-street, ClerkenwelL On Saturday evening the deceased went to th* above station in ord*r to proceed to Holloway, and on the arrival of th* 0.41 p.nu Great Northern train attempted to gst into a carriage whilst the train was in motion. Jstte* Atnett, the guard, Wedto puU hor hack from tho train, but she resisted, the frank being that she swung round and fell down .between the carriages and platform and wa* killed Evidence of a very contradictory character ^In regard to th* circumstance* surrounding tho accident wa* given, and the jury agreed to a verdict of Accidental Death, declining to attribute blams to the railway
Tnn Lost- Dxxa u Kb*t.—The running defer, Brown Duehms, which got away from the Surrey stsg
paste
- ' Tna Nrw Dmmonanen or Daracnva*.—At the
SSSSSr***
ingenious baker account* for the high pice a* hi* loaves by saying that he has it on the authority of an eminent naturalist that tho chugh belongs to the
An ingenious young lady,'upon learning that her other intended to whip her, swallowed a lot of per-
At a Sunday-*chool at Bipon, a teacher asked a little boy if he knew what the expression " sowing tares " " Courth I does," said hs, pulling the seat of rs round in front, " there's a tear my ma sewed ; I tearedit when I wa* sliding down hill.'
That fellow"s got into the wrong grave " "

another captain has sustained serious in-It appears that Captain Larson and his
....., md Csptaii. Wessenburg, were leaving tho
dup, under th* enarM of the former. All three wore on the ladder leading from the ship to the Quay at the same time. Suddenly the ladder snapped in two, and the two captains and the lady were precipitated on to the quay. They were all removed to Guy's Hospital, where it was found that Captain Lsreen was dead, hi* skull having been fractured, his bresst bone broken, end also one of his ribs. Mrs. Larson waa suffering from * fractured leg, and Captain Wessenburg a broken arm and other injuries. On Friday, the 6th inst., Mr. Payne held an inquest upon Captain Larson, and, ths jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death.
Oa DiscovsRixe n» Pbxwstlvasu.— A singular circumstance is reported from the Holder Run oil section, in tho shape of the striking of a deposit of oil which exhibits none of ths impurities of petroleum when it comes from the ground; nut, on the contrary, spouts from the sand in a refined condition. The oil comes from the well & pale-green transparent iuid, and can be Med in lamps at once. It give* a brilliant light, with no smoke or odour, and stands a fire test 110 degrees, a lighted match being thrown into veeeel containing the oil failing to iguito it. • fatal • Kmxs a scotland.—Four persons lo their lives by suffocation in a house which had tak, fire in No. 22, St James's-square, Edinburgh. Tb, wore Robert Ksrr, 24 year* of age: Mary Kerr, 28; Margaret Bmnder, 60; Margaret Ann Brander, 14. Th* are originated in a gasfltter's shop immsdiately Mlow the dwelling-house1. Several other persons narrowly escaped.—Another Are- broke out in a tobac-oemst a shop to OastU-street, Forfar, occupied by
WWtede^h. ...
! Ouwou* Aocznmrr.—An Inquiry ha* been held at Owe, near Fsversham. a* to the death of William 'Sodan. He wae employed at the mw mills at Messrs. John Hall and Son's gunpowder works, and waa engaged to cotiing wood, for ths ues of ths coopers. A ••item circular mw wae usdd, and' Sodan had to
ISftV- n..J07n-



" Bow so" f—"Because^ knc«
him to bo a forger and a thief, and yet look uptn that epitaph."—" Be careful," said the other, " how you speak, for none of us can live np to our epitaphs."
A young lady says that a gentleman ought never to feel discouraged when the "momentous question is negatived by th* object of his choice, " for in lif t, as well as grammar, wo alwayedwfims before we «**'.-
A country editor says, "If the party who plays the iccordion in this vicinity at nights will only change his tuns occasionally, or sit where wo can scald him when tho engine has steam on, ho will hear of somc-ingto hlsadrantmge.
" Why don't you get down and lead tho horec ? That is the way to keep warm," said a gentleman to boy one cold day.—"No," replied the youth," it u b-b-borrowsd horse,andm ridehlm6 Ifreese?" It is, perhaps, a dobatcablo question whether u person who has always been notoriously in tho habit of lying ha* a right to toll ths truth, tt is. of course, the only device' by which he can deoeiv.
An Irish way of showingre*poct for a stranger is thus given by a morning contemporary " On Thursday morning a body of men went to the residence of Mr. Howe, of Richmond, near Nenagh, and fired five shot*. Mrs. How* is a strsnger, and much respected." Old people are notoriously vain of their age. ThMo a story of a venerable crone, the inmate of 4 poor-, I use in Scotland, who, being asked how she Was. exclaimed sritk an evident felling' of pride, "Ah, I ' » thooean' 'at ony rate."
H* took her fancy when he came; hs took her hand, he took a kiss; he took no notice if the shame that glowed her happy cheek at this. Ho took to coming afternoons; he took an oath he'd deceive; be to<>k her father'* silver spoons;
* Erskine, "Ah, Harry, 1 ight have been what you it, bang it, Mrs. 8. or myself was always obliged to rite for our leg or shoulder of mutton."—"Ah." said Erskine, " I always heard your literature was n
Louis Yin., speaking to Bamompiere, his ambaeai-dor to the Court of Spain, remarked: "You cannot imagine howl laughed when I heard that you entered Madrid on a mole—just to think—a jackass on a donkey 1',' " Vory true, sire; but you must remember I represented your Majmty at that time 1"
A correspondent of acontompfrnty ha* copied the following epitaph, to he seen la the ohurchyaxd at Malaga" Here lie* Juan Parres, who was a good father, a good son, and a good husband. Notoe-Do not mistake him for hi* younger brother, who beariMh* mm* nam* and I* now in penal servitude in
A young wife in Troy oared her husband for a
disposition, to absent himself from home at night by
A reverend gentleman was addreesing a school
needed regulating. Taking hi* watch and holding it up, h* mid It-FNow here i* my watch; suppose it dent kssp good time; now goes too fast, and now too alow; what shall Ido with it t" Sell it I" shouted a flaxen-headed youngster.
|ik* to brag, but #iem U no m*n on earth can torn a
fiT* '
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